Konfigurasi

Semua data yang dapat dikonfigurasi ditempatkan di config.inc.php di direktori tingkat atas phpMyAdmin. Jika file ini tidak ada, silakan merujuk ke bagian Instalasi untuk membuatnya. File ini hanya perlu berisi parameter yang ingin Anda ubah dari nilai default yang sesuai di libraries/config.default.php (file ini tidak dimaksudkan untuk perubahan).

lihat juga

Contoh sebagai contoh dari konfigurasi

Jika sebuah direktif tidak ada dalam berkas Anda, Anda bisa menambahkan baris lain pada berkas tersebut. Berkas ini adalah untuk menulis ulang nilai default; jika Anda ingin menggunakan nilai default, Anda tidak perlu menambahkan baris di sini.

The parameters which relate to design (like colors) are placed in themes/themename/scss/_variables.scss. You might also want to create config.footer.inc.php and config.header.inc.php files to add your site specific code to be included on start and end of each page.

Catatan

Beberapa distribusi (misal. Debian atau Ubuntu) menyimpan config.inc.php di /etc/phpmyadmin alih-alih di dalam sumber phpMyAdmin.

Pengaturan dasar

$cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri']
Type:String
Default value:''

Berubah pada versi 4.6.5: Pengaturan ini tidak tersedia di phpMyAdmin 4.6.0 - 4.6.4.

Setel di sini URL lengkap (dengan path lengkap) ke direktori instalasi phpMyAdmin Anda. Misalnya. https://www.example.net/path_to_your_phpMyAdmin_directory/. Perhatikan juga bahwa URL di sebagian besar server web peka huruf besar/kecil (bahkan di Windows). Jangan lupa garis miring di akhir.

Dimulai dengan versi 2.3.0, disarankan untuk mencoba mengosongkan ini. Dalam kebanyakan kasus, phpMyAdmin secara otomatis mendeteksi pengaturan yang tepat. Pengguna penerusan port atau pengaturan proxy terbalik yang kompleks mungkin perlu mengatur ini.

Tes yang baik adalah menelusuri tabel, mengedit baris, dan menyimpannya. Seharusnya ada pesan kesalahan jika phpMyAdmin mengalami masalah auto-mendeteksi nilai yang benar. Jika Anda mendapatkan kesalahan bahwa ini harus disetel atau jika kode deteksi otomatis gagal mendeteksi jalur Anda, harap posting laporan bug di pelacak bug kami sehingga kami dapat memperbaiki kode.

$cfg['PmaNoRelation_DisableWarning']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Dimulai dengan versi 2.3.0 phpMyAdmin menawarkan banyak fitur untuk bekerja dengan tabel – master / asing (lihat $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']).

Jika Anda mencoba untuk mengatur ini dan tidak bekerja, lihatlah pada halaman Structure pada satu database di mana Anda ingin menggunakan. Anda akan menemukan sebuah tautan yang menganalisis kenapa fitur tersebut dinonaktifkan.

Jika anda tidak mau menggunakan fitur- fitur ini, atur variabel menjadi bernilai true untuk menghentikan pesan ini bermunculan.

$cfg['AuthLog']
Type:String
Default value:'auto'

Baru pada versi 4.8.0: This is supported since phpMyAdmin 4.8.0.

Tujuan konfigurasi pencatatan autentikasi. Upaya otentikasi yang gagal (atau semua, tergantung pada $cfg['AuthLogSuccess']) akan dicatat sesuai dengan arahan ini:

auto
Biarkan phpMyAdmin memilih secara otomatis antara syslog dan php.
syslog
Catatan yang menggunakan syslog, menggunakan fasilitas AUTH, pada kebanyakan sistem ini berakhir di /var/log/auth.log.
php
Masuk ke log kesalahan PHP.
sapi
Masuk ke PHP SAPI logging.
/path/to/file
Nilai yang lain akan diperlakukan sebagai nama file dan catatan log akan ditulis disana.

Catatan

Saat masuk ke file, pastikan izinnya diatur dengan benar untuk pengguna server web, pengaturannya harus sesuai dengan instruksi yang dijelaskan dalam $cfg['TempDir']:

$cfg['AuthLogSuccess']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Baru pada versi 4.8.0: This is supported since phpMyAdmin 4.8.0.

Whether to log successful authentication attempts into $cfg['AuthLog'].

$cfg['SuhosinDisableWarning']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Sebuah peringatan ditampilkan pada halaman utama jika Suhosin terdeteksi.

Anda dapat mengatur parameter ini menjadi true untuk menghentikan pesan ini agar tidak muncul lagi.

$cfg['LoginCookieValidityDisableWarning']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Sebuah peringatan ditampilkan pada halaman utama jika parameter PHP session.gc_maxlifetime lebih rendah dari keabsahan kukis yang dikonfigurasi di phpMyAdmin.

Anda dapat mengatur parameter ini menjadi true untuk menghentikan pesan ini agar tidak muncul lagi.

$cfg['ServerLibraryDifference_DisableWarning']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.7.0: Setelan ini dihapus karena peringatan yang bersangkutan sudah dihapus juga.

Sebuah peringatan ditampilkan pada halaman utama jika terdapat sebuah perbedaan antara pustaka MySQL dan versi server.

Anda dapat mengatur parameter ini menjadi true untuk menghentikan pesan ini agar tidak muncul lagi.

$cfg['ReservedWordDisableWarning']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

This warning is displayed on the Structure page of a table if one or more column names match with words which are MySQL reserved.

Jika anda ingin mematikan peringatan, anda dapat mengaturnya ke nilai true dan peringatantidak akan lagi ditampilkan.

$cfg['TranslationWarningThreshold']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:80

Tampilkan peringatan tentang terjemahan yang tidak lengkap dalam batas tertentu.

$cfg['SendErrorReports']
Type:String
Default value:'ask'

Valid values are:

  • ask
  • always
  • never

Sets the default behavior for JavaScript error reporting.

Ketika sebuah kesalahanterdeteksi dalam eksekusi JavaScript, sebuah laporan kesalahan mungkin dikirimkan ke tim phpMyAdmin jika pengguna menyetujui.

The default setting of 'ask' will ask the user everytime there is a new error report. However you can set this parameter to 'always' to send error reports without asking for confirmation or you can set it to 'never' to never send error reports.

This directive is available both in the configuration file and in users preferences. If the person in charge of a multi-user installation prefers to disable this feature for all users, a value of 'never' should be set, and the $cfg['UserprefsDisallow'] directive should contain 'SendErrorReports' in one of its array values.

$cfg['ConsoleEnterExecutes']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Setting this to true allows the user to execute queries by pressing Enter instead of Ctrl+Enter. A new line can be inserted by pressing Shift+Enter.

Perilaku dari konsol dapat secara sementara diubah dengan menggunakan pengaturan interface konsol.

$cfg['AllowThirdPartyFraming']
Type:boolean|string
Default value:salah

Setting this to true allows phpMyAdmin to be included inside a frame, and is a potential security hole allowing cross-frame scripting attacks or clickjacking. Setting this to 'sameorigin' prevents phpMyAdmin to be included from another document in a frame, unless that document belongs to the same domain.

Pengaturan koneksi server

$cfg['Servers']
Type:susunan
Default value:array satu server dengan pengaturan terdaftar di bawah

Since version 1.4.2, phpMyAdmin supports the administration of multiple MySQL servers. Therefore, a $cfg['Servers']-array has been added which contains the login information for the different servers. The first $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] contains the hostname of the first server, the second $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] the hostname of the second server, etc. In libraries/config.default.php, there is only one section for server definition, however you can put as many as you need in config.inc.php, copy that block or needed parts (you don't have to define all settings, just those you need to change).

Catatan

The $cfg['Servers'] array starts with $cfg['Servers'][1]. Do not use $cfg['Servers'][0]. If you want more than one server, just copy following section (including $i increment) several times. There is no need to define full server array, just define values you need to change.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']
Type:String
Default value:'localhost'

The hostname or IP address of your $i-th MySQL-server. E.g. localhost.

Nilai yang mungkin adalah:

  • hostname, e.g., 'localhost' or 'mydb.example.org'
  • IP address, e.g., '127.0.0.1' or '192.168.10.1'
  • Alamat IPv6, contoh. 2001:cdba:0000:0000:0000:0000:3257:9652
  • dot - '.', i.e., use named pipes on windows systems
  • kosong - '', menonaktifkan server ini

Catatan

The hostname localhost is handled specially by MySQL and it uses the socket based connection protocol. To use TCP/IP networking, use an IP address or hostname such as 127.0.0.1 or db.example.com. You can configure the path to the socket with $cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket'].

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['port']
Type:String
Default value:''

Nomor port dari server MySQL $ i-th Anda. Defaultnya adalah 3306 (kosongkan).

Catatan

If you use localhost as the hostname, MySQL ignores this port number and connects with the socket, so if you want to connect to a port different from the default port, use 127.0.0.1 or the real hostname in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'].

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['socket']
Type:String
Default value:''

The path to the socket to use. Leave blank for default. To determine the correct socket, check your MySQL configuration or, using the mysql command–line client, issue the status command. Among the resulting information displayed will be the socket used.

Catatan

This takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] is set to localhost.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether to enable SSL for the connection between phpMyAdmin and the MySQL server to secure the connection.

When using the 'mysql' extension, none of the remaining 'ssl...' configuration options apply.

Kami sangat merekomendasikan 'mysqli' ektensi ketika menggunakan pilihan ini.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key']
Type:String
Default value:Kosong

Path to the client key file when using SSL for connecting to the MySQL server. This is used to authenticate the client to the server.

Sebagai contoh:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key'] = '/etc/mysql/server-key.pem';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_cert']
Type:String
Default value:Kosong

Path to the client certificate file when using SSL for connecting to the MySQL server. This is used to authenticate the client to the server.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca']
Type:String
Default value:Kosong

Jalur file CA ketika menggunakan SSL agar terkoneksi ke server MySQL.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca_path']
Type:String
Default value:Kosong

Direktori yang mengandung sertifikat SSL CA terpecaya dalam format PEM.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ciphers']
Type:String
Default value:Kosong

List of allowable ciphers for SSL connections to the MySQL server.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Baru pada versi 4.6.0: Hal ini didukung oleh phpMyAdmin 4.6.0.

If your PHP install uses the MySQL Native Driver (mysqlnd), your MySQL server is 5.6 or later, and your SSL certificate is self-signed, there is a chance your SSL connection will fail due to validation. Setting this to false will disable the validation check.

Since PHP 5.6.0 it also verifies whether server name matches CN of its certificate. There is currently no way to disable just this check without disabling complete SSL verification.

Peringatan

Disabling the certificate verification defeats purpose of using SSL. This will make the connection vulnerable to man in the middle attacks.

Catatan

This flag only works with PHP 5.6.16 or later.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['connect_type']
Type:String
Default value:'tcp'

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.7.0: This setting is no longer used as of 4.7.0, since MySQL decides the connection type based on host, so it could lead to unexpected results. Please set $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] accordingly instead.

What type connection to use with the MySQL server. Your options are 'socket' and 'tcp'. It defaults to tcp as that is nearly guaranteed to be available on all MySQL servers, while sockets are not supported on some platforms. To use the socket mode, your MySQL server must be on the same machine as the Web server.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether to use a compressed protocol for the MySQL server connection or not (experimental).

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost']
Type:String
Default value:''

Membolehkan untuk menggunakan sebuah host alternatif untuk menampung penyimpanan data konfigurasi.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport']
Type:String
Default value:''

Mengizinkan untuk memakai port alternatif agar terkoneksi ke host yang memuat tempat penyimpanan konfigurasi.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']
Type:String
Default value:''
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass']
Type:String
Default value:''

Akun khusus ini digunakan untuk akses Penyimpanan konfigurasi phpMyAdmin. Anda tidak perlu itu dalam satu kasus pengguna, tetapi jika phpMyAdmin membagikan itu direkomendasikan untuk memberikan akses Penyimpanan konfigurasi phpMyAdmin hanya untuk pengguna ini dan kofigurasikan phyMyAdmin untuk menggunakannya. Semua pengguna akan dapat menggunakan fitur-fitur tanpa harus memiliki akses langsung ke Penyimpanan konfigurasi phpMyAdmin.

Berubah pada versi 2.2.5: itu disebut stduser dan stdpass

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_*']
Type:campur

Baru pada versi 4.7.0.

You can change any MySQL connection setting for control link (used to access Penyimpanan konfigurasi phpMyAdmin) using configuration prefixed with control_.

Ini dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan segala aspek koneksi kontrol, yang secara default menggunakan parameter yang sama seperti punya user.

Sebagai contoh anda dapat mengkonfigurasi SSL untuk mengontrol koneksi:

// Enable SSL
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl'] = true;
// Client secret key
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_key'] = '../client-key.pem';
// Client certificate
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_cert'] = '../client-cert.pem';
// Server certification authority
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['control_ssl_ca'] = '../server-ca.pem';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']
Type:String
Default value:'cookie'

Whether config or cookie or HTTP or signon authentication should be used for this server.

  • 'config' authentication ($auth_type = 'config') is the plain old way: username and password are stored in config.inc.php.
  • 'cookie' authentication mode ($auth_type = 'cookie') allows you to log in as any valid MySQL user with the help of cookies.
  • 'http' authentication allows you to log in as any valid MySQL user via HTTP-Auth.
  • 'signon' authentication mode ($auth_type = 'signon') allows you to log in from prepared PHP session data or using supplied PHP script.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_http_realm']
Type:String
Default value:''

When using auth_type = http, this field allows to define a custom HTTP Basic Auth Realm which will be displayed to the user. If not explicitly specified in your configuration, a string combined of "phpMyAdmin " and either $cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose'] or $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] will be used.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_swekey_config']
Type:String
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.0.0.0: This setting was named $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_feebee_config'] and was renamed before the 3.0.0.0 release.

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.6.4: This setting was removed because their servers are no longer working and it was not working correctly.

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.0.10.17: This setting was removed in a maintenance release because their servers are no longer working and it was not working correctly.

The name of the file containing swekey ids and login names for hardware authentication. Leave empty to deactivate this feature.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']
Type:String
Default value:'root'
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']
Type:String
Default value:''

When using $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] set to 'config', this is the user/password-pair which phpMyAdmin will use to connect to the MySQL server. This user/password pair is not needed when HTTP or cookie authentication is used and should be empty.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['nopassword']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.7.0: Pengaturan ini dihapuskan karena dapat menghasilkan hasil tidak terduga.

Allow attempt to log in without password when a login with password fails. This can be used together with http authentication, when authentication is done some other way and phpMyAdmin gets user name from auth and uses empty password for connecting to MySQL. Password login is still tried first, but as fallback, no password method is tried.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db']
Type:string atau array
Default value:''

If set to a (an array of) database name(s), only this (these) database(s) will be shown to the user. Since phpMyAdmin 2.2.1, this/these database(s) name(s) may contain MySQL wildcards characters ("_" and "%"): if you want to use literal instances of these characters, escape them (I.E. use 'my\_db' and not 'my_db').

This setting is an efficient way to lower the server load since the latter does not need to send MySQL requests to build the available database list. But it does not replace the privileges rules of the MySQL database server. If set, it just means only these databases will be displayed but not that all other databases can't be used.

Contoh penggunaan lebih dari satu basis data:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['only_db'] = ['db1', 'db2'];

Berubah pada versi 4.0.0: Versi sebelumnya diijinkan untuk menspesifikasikan urutan tampilan dari nama database melalui petunjuk ini.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db']
Type:String
Default value:''

Regular expression for hiding some databases from unprivileged users. This only hides them from listing, but a user is still able to access them (using, for example, the SQL query area). To limit access, use the MySQL privilege system. For example, to hide all databases starting with the letter "a", use

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db'] = '^a';

and to hide both "db1" and "db2" use

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_db'] = '^(db1|db2)$';

More information on regular expressions can be found in the PCRE pattern syntax portion of the PHP reference manual.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']
Type:String
Default value:''

Only useful when using phpMyAdmin with multiple server entries. If set, this string will be displayed instead of the hostname in the pull-down menu on the main page. This can be useful if you want to show only certain databases on your system, for example. For HTTP auth, all non-US-ASCII characters will be stripped.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['extension']
Type:String
Default value:'mysqli'

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.2.0: This setting was removed. The mysql extension will only be used when the mysqli extension is not available. As of 5.0.0, only the mysqli extension can be used.

The PHP MySQL extension to use (mysql or mysqli).

It is recommended to use mysqli in all installations.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']
Type:String
Default value:''

Nama dari database yang berisi konfigurasi penyimpanan phpMyAdmin.

See the Penyimpanan konfigurasi phpMyAdmin section in this document to see the benefits of this feature, and for a quick way of creating this database and the needed tables.

If you are the only user of this phpMyAdmin installation, you can use your current database to store those special tables; in this case, just put your current database name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb']. For a multi-user installation, set this parameter to the name of your central database containing the phpMyAdmin configuration storage.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.2.0.

Sejak 2.2.0 phpMyAdmin rilis, pengguna diperbolehkan untuk menandai kueri. Hal ini bisa sangat berguna untuk kueri yang sering dijalankan. Untuk membolehkan penggunaan fungsi ini :

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.2.4.

Since release 2.2.4 you can describe, in a special 'relation' table, which column is a key in another table (a foreign key). phpMyAdmin currently uses this to:

Tombol dapat angka atau karakter.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

  • set up $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] and the phpMyAdmin configuration storage
  • put the relation table name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation']
  • now as normal user open phpMyAdmin and for each one of your tables where you want to use this feature, click Structure/Relation view/ and choose foreign columns.

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

Catatan

In the current version, master_db must be the same as foreign_db. Those columns have been put in future development of the cross-db relations.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.3.0.

Since release 2.3.0 you can describe, in a special 'table_info' table, which column is to be displayed as a tool-tip when moving the cursor over the corresponding key. This configuration variable will hold the name of this special table. To allow the usage of this functionality:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

The designer feature can save your page layout; by pressing the "Save page" or "Save page as" button in the expanding designer menu, you can customize the layout and have it loaded the next time you use the designer. That layout is stored in this table. Furthermore, this table is also required for using the PDF relation export feature, see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] for additional details.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.3.0.

Since release 2.3.0 you can have phpMyAdmin create PDF pages showing the relations between your tables. Further, the designer interface permits visually managing the relations. To do this it needs two tables "pdf_pages" (storing information about the available PDF pages) and "table_coords" (storing coordinates where each table will be placed on a PDF schema output). You must be using the "relation" feature.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting either of the configurations to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_coords']
Type:String
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.10.0: Since release 2.10.0 a Designer interface is available; it permits to visually manage the relations.

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.3.0: This setting was removed and the Designer table positioning data is now stored into $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'].

Catatan

You can now delete the table pma__designer_coords from your phpMyAdmin configuration storage database and remove $cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_coords'] from your configuration file.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.3.0.

This part requires a content update! Since release 2.3.0 you can store comments to describe each column for each table. These will then be shown on the "printview".

Starting with release 2.5.0, comments are consequently used on the table property pages and table browse view, showing up as tool-tips above the column name (properties page) or embedded within the header of table in browse view. They can also be shown in a table dump. Please see the relevant configuration directives later on.

Also new in release 2.5.0 is a MIME- transformation system which is also based on the following table structure. See Transformasi for further information. To use the MIME- transformation system, your column_info table has to have the three new columns 'mimetype', 'transformation', 'transformation_options'.

Starting with release 4.3.0, a new input-oriented transformation system has been introduced. Also, backward compatibility code used in the old transformations system was removed. As a result, an update to column_info table is necessary for previous transformations and the new input-oriented transformation system to work. phpMyAdmin will upgrade it automatically for you by analyzing your current column_info table structure. However, if something goes wrong with the auto-upgrade then you can use the SQL script found in ./sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql to upgrade it manually.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

  • set up $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] and the phpMyAdmin configuration storage

  • put the table name in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] (e.g. pma__column_info)

  • to update your PRE-2.5.0 Column_comments table use this: and remember that the Variable in config.inc.php has been renamed from $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_comments'] to $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info']

    ALTER TABLE `pma__column_comments`
    ADD `mimetype` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL,
    ADD `transformation` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL,
    ADD `transformation_options` VARCHAR( 255 ) NOT NULL;
    
  • to update your PRE-4.3.0 Column_info table manually use this ./sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql SQL script.

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

Catatan

For auto-upgrade functionality to work, your $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] must have ALTER privilege on phpmyadmin database. See the MySQL documentation for GRANT on how to GRANT privileges to a user.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 2.5.0.

Since release 2.5.0 you can store your SQL history, which means all queries you entered manually into the phpMyAdmin interface. If you don't want to use a table-based history, you can use the JavaScript-based history.

Using that, all your history items are deleted when closing the window. Using $cfg['QueryHistoryMax'] you can specify an amount of history items you want to have on hold. On every login, this list gets cut to the maximum amount.

The query history is only available if JavaScript is enabled in your browser.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.5.0.

Since release 3.5.0 you can show recently used tables in the navigation panel. It helps you to jump across table directly, without the need to select the database, and then select the table. Using $cfg['NumRecentTables'] you can configure the maximum number of recent tables shown. When you select a table from the list, it will jump to the page specified in $cfg['NavigationTreeDefaultTabTable'].

Without configuring the storage, you can still access the recently used tables, but it will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of this functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.2.0.

Since release 4.2.0 you can show a list of selected tables in the navigation panel. It helps you to jump to the table directly, without the need to select the database, and then select the table. When you select a table from the list, it will jump to the page specified in $cfg['NavigationTreeDefaultTabTable'].

You can add tables to this list or remove tables from it in database structure page by clicking on the star icons next to table names. Using $cfg['NumFavoriteTables'] you can configure the maximum number of favorite tables shown.

Without configuring the storage, you can still access the favorite tables, but it will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of this functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.5.0.

Since release 3.5.0 phpMyAdmin can be configured to remember several things (sorted column $cfg['RememberSorting'], column order, and column visibility from a database table) for browsing tables. Without configuring the storage, these features still can be used, but the values will disappear after you logout.

To allow the usage of these functionality persistently:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['users']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

The table used by phpMyAdmin to store user name information for associating with user groups. See the next entry on $cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] for more details and the suggested settings.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.1.0.

Since release 4.1.0 you can create different user groups with menu items attached to them. Users can be assigned to these groups and the logged in user would only see menu items configured to the usergroup they are assigned to. To do this it needs two tables "usergroups" (storing allowed menu items for each user group) and "users" (storing users and their assignments to user groups).

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting either of the configurations to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.1.0.

Sejak rilis 4.1.0 anda bisa sembunyi/tampil barang di pohon navigasi.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.3.0.

Sejak rilis 4.3.0 anda bisa mendapat daftar sentral pada kolom setiap basis data. Anda bisa tambah/hapus kolom ke setiap daftar seperti yang anda inginkan. Kolom ini pada daftar sentral akan menjadi terseda selama anda membuat kolom baru untuk tabel atau membuat sendiri tabelnya. Anda bisa menseleksi kolom dari list sentral selagi membuat kolom baru. ini akan membuat anda tidak perlu menulis definisi kolom yang sama berulang atau menulis nama yang beda untuk kolom yang mirip.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.5.0.

Sejak rilis 4.5.0 pengaturan desain anda bisa di ingat. Pilihan anda berkaitan 'sudut/link langsung', 'Dempetkan ke kotak', 'Beralih relasi garis', 'Kecil/Besar Semua', 'Pindahkan Menu' dan 'Teks Semat' bisa di ingat seterusnya.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.2.0.

Sejak rilis 4.2.0 anda bisa menyimpan dan memuat keuri-pada-contoh pencarian basis data > panel kueri.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.5.0.

Sejak rilis 4.5.0 anda bisa menyimpan dan memuat template keluaran.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.3.x.

Sejak rilis 3.3.x mekanis pelacak tersedia. Ini membantu anda untuk lacak setiap SQL perintah dimana tereksekusi dari phpMyAdmin. Mekanis ini mendukung pencatatan manipulasi data dan definisi data laporan definisi. Setelah terizinkan anda dapat membuat versi baru tabel.

Kreasi atas versi ini mempunyai dua efek:

  • phpMyAdmin menyimpan potret dari tabel, termasuk struktur dan indeks.
  • phpMyAdmin mencatat semua perintah yang merubah struktur dan/atau data dari tabel dan menghubungkan perintah ini dengan versi angka.

Pastinya anda bisa melihat perubahan tercatat. Pada Melacak halaman pada laporan lengkap yang tersedia pada setiap versi. Untuk laporan anda bisa menggunakan penyaring, untuk contoh anda bisa mendapatkan daftar laporan pada jajaran tanggal. Ketika anda ingin menyaring nama pengguna anda bisa masukan * untuk setiap nama atau anda bisa masukan daftar nama dipisahkan dengan ','. Untuk tambahan anda bisa mengeluarkan laporan tersaring ke file atau basis data cadangan.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_version_auto_create']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether the tracking mechanism creates versions for tables and views automatically.

If this is set to true and you create a table or view with

  • CREATE TABLE ...
  • CREATE VIEW ...

and no version exists for it, the mechanism will create a version for you automatically.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_default_statements']
Type:String
Default value:'CREATE TABLE,ALTER TABLE,DROP TABLE,RENAME TABLE,CREATE INDEX,DROP INDEX,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE,TRUNCATE,REPLACE,CREATE VIEW,ALTER VIEW,DROP VIEW,CREATE DATABASE,ALTER DATABASE,DROP DATABASE'

Mendefinisikan daftar pernyataan yang dipakai penciptaan otomatis untuk versi baru.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_view']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether a DROP VIEW IF EXISTS statement will be added as first line to the log when creating a view.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_table']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether a DROP TABLE IF EXISTS statement will be added as first line to the log when creating a table.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking_add_drop_database']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether a DROP DATABASE IF EXISTS statement will be added as first line to the log when creating a database.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig']
Type:string or false
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.4.x.

Sejak pengeluaran 3.4.x phpMyAdmin membolehkan pemakai untuk menyetel sebagian besar preferensi oleh diri mereka sendiri dan menyimpannya di database.

If you don't allow for storing preferences in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'], users can still personalize phpMyAdmin, but settings will be saved in browser's local storage, or, it is is unavailable, until the end of session.

Untuk mengizinkan pemakaian dari fungsionalitas ini:

This feature can be disabled by setting the configuration to false.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['MaxTableUiprefs']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:100

Maximum number of rows saved in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] table.

When tables are dropped or renamed, $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] may contain invalid data (referring to tables which no longer exist). We only keep this number of newest rows in $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] and automatically delete older rows.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SessionTimeZone']
Type:String
Default value:''

Sets the time zone used by phpMyAdmin. Leave blank to use the time zone of your database server. Possible values are explained at https://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/8.0/en/time-zone-support.html

Ini berguna saat server databasemu menggunakan zona waktu yang berbeda dengan zona waktu yang mau kamu gunakan di phpMyAdmin.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowRoot']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to allow root access. This is just a shortcut for the $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] below.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether to allow logins without a password. The default value of false for this parameter prevents unintended access to a MySQL server with was left with an empty password for root or on which an anonymous (blank) user is defined.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']
Type:String
Default value:''

If your rule order is empty, then IP authorization is disabled.

If your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' then the system applies all deny rules followed by allow rules. Access is allowed by default. Any client which does not match a Deny command or does match an Allow command will be allowed access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' then the system applies all allow rules followed by deny rules. Access is denied by default. Any client which does not match an Allow directive or does match a Deny directive will be denied access to the server.

If your rule order is set to 'explicit', authorization is performed in a similar fashion to rule order 'deny,allow', with the added restriction that your host/username combination must be listed in the allow rules, and not listed in the deny rules. This is the most secure means of using Allow/Deny rules, and was available in Apache by specifying allow and deny rules without setting any order.

Please also see $cfg['TrustedProxies'] for detecting IP address behind proxies.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules']
Type:susunan kalimat
Default value:array()

The general format for the rules is as such:

<'allow' | 'deny'> <username> [from] <ipmask>

If you wish to match all users, it is possible to use a '%' as a wildcard in the username field.

There are a few shortcuts you can use in the ipmask field as well (please note that those containing SERVER_ADDRESS might not be available on all webservers):

'all' -> 0.0.0.0/0
'localhost' -> 127.0.0.1/8
'localnetA' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/8
'localnetB' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/16
'localnetC' -> SERVER_ADDRESS/24

Having an empty rule list is equivalent to either using 'allow % from all' if your rule order is set to 'deny,allow' or 'deny % from all' if your rule order is set to 'allow,deny' or 'explicit'.

For the IP Address matching system, the following work:

  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (an exact IP Address)
  • xxx.xxx.xxx.[yyy-zzz] (an IP Address range)
  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/nn (CIDR, Classless Inter-Domain Routing type IP addresses)

But the following does not work:

  • xxx.xxx.xxx.xx[yyy-zzz] (partial IP address range)

For IPv6 addresses, the following work:

  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx (an exact IPv6 address)
  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:[yyyy-zzzz] (an IPv6 address range)
  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx/nn (CIDR, Classless Inter-Domain Routing type IPv6 addresses)

But the following does not work:

  • xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xxxx:xx[yyy-zzz] (partial IPv6 address range)

Contoh:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] = 'allow,deny';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] = ['allow bob from all'];
// Allow only 'bob' to connect from any host

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] = 'allow,deny';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] = ['allow mary from 192.168.100.[50-100]'];
// Allow only 'mary' to connect from host 192.168.100.50 through 192.168.100.100

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] = 'allow,deny';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] = ['allow % from 192.168.[5-6].10'];
// Allow any user to connect from host 192.168.5.10 or 192.168.6.10

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] = 'allow,deny';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] = ['allow root from 192.168.5.50','allow % from 192.168.6.10'];
// Allow any user to connect from 192.168.6.10, and additionally allow root to connect from 192.168.5.50
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['DisableIS']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Disable using INFORMATION_SCHEMA to retrieve information (use SHOW commands instead), because of speed issues when many databases are present.

Catatan

Mengaktifkan opsi ini mungkin memberikan tambahan performa beda pasa server MySQL lama.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript']
Type:String
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 3.5.0.

Name of PHP script to be sourced and executed to obtain login credentials. This is alternative approach to session based single signon. The script has to provide a function called get_login_credentials which returns list of username and password, accepting single parameter of existing username (can be empty). See examples/signon-script.php for an example:

<?php
/**
 * Single signon for phpMyAdmin
 *
 * This is just example how to use script based single signon with
 * phpMyAdmin, it is not intended to be perfect code and look, only
 * shows how you can integrate this functionality in your application.
 */

declare(strict_types=1);

// phpcs:disable Squiz.Functions.GlobalFunction

/**
 * This function returns username and password.
 *
 * It can optionally use configured username as parameter.
 *
 * @param string $user User name
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_login_credentials($user)
{
    /* Optionally we can use passed username */
    if (! empty($user)) {
        return [
            $user,
            'password',
        ];
    }

    /* Here we would retrieve the credentials */
    return [
        'root',
        '',
    ];
}
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonSession']
Type:String
Default value:''

Name of session which will be used for signon authentication method. You should use something different than phpMyAdmin, because this is session which phpMyAdmin uses internally. Takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript'] is not configured.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonCookieParams']
Type:susunan
Default value:array()

Baru pada versi 4.7.0.

An associative array of session cookie parameters of other authentication system. It is not needed if the other system doesn't use session_set_cookie_params(). Keys should include 'lifetime', 'path', 'domain', 'secure' or 'httponly'. Valid values are mentioned in session_get_cookie_params, they should be set to same values as the other application uses. Takes effect only if $cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript'] is not configured.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonURL']
Type:String
Default value:''

URL where user will be redirected to log in for signon authentication method. Should be absolute including protocol.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['LogoutURL']
Type:String
Default value:''

URL dimana pengguna akan dialihkan setelah keluar (tidak memengaruhi konfigurasi metode otentikasi). Harus absolut termasuk protokolnya.

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['hide_connection_errors']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Baru pada versi 4.9.8.

Whether to show or hide detailed MySQL/MariaDB connection errors on the login page.

Catatan

This error message can contain the target database server hostname or IP address, which may reveal information about your network to an attacker.

Setelan umum

$cfg['DisableShortcutKeys']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

You can disable phpMyAdmin shortcut keys by setting $cfg['DisableShortcutKeys'] to false.

$cfg['ServerDefault']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:1

Jika Anda mempunyai lebih dari satu server yang dikonfigurasi, Anda dapat menyetel $cfg['ServerDefault'] ke salah satunya untuk otomatis menghubungkan ke server tersebut ketika phpMyAdmin dimulai, atau setel ke 0 untuk diberikan daftar server tanpa masuk.

Jika Anda hanya mempunyai satu server yang dikonfigurasi, $cfg['ServerDefault'] HARUS disetel ke server tersebut.

$cfg['VersionCheck']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Enables check for latest versions using JavaScript on the main phpMyAdmin page or by directly accessing index.php?route=/version-check.

Catatan

Setelan ini dapat diubah oleh penjual.

$cfg['ProxyUrl']
Type:String
Default value:''

The url of the proxy to be used when phpmyadmin needs to access the outside internet such as when retrieving the latest version info or submitting error reports. You need this if the server where phpMyAdmin is installed does not have direct access to the internet. The format is: "hostname:portnumber"

$cfg['ProxyUser']
Type:String
Default value:''

Nama pengguna untuk otentikasi dengan proxy. Secara default, tidak ada otentikasi yang dilakukan. Jika nama pengguna diberikan, otentikasi dasar akan dilakukan. Tidak ada jenis otentikasi lain yang didukung saat ini.

$cfg['ProxyPass']
Type:String
Default value:''

Password untuk otentikasi proxy.

$cfg['MaxDbList']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:100

Angka maksimum dari nama database yang ditampilan di panel utama daftar database.

$cfg['MaxTableList']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:250

The maximum number of table names to be displayed in the main panel's list (except on the Export page).

$cfg['ShowHint']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether or not to show hints (for example, hints when hovering over table headers).

$cfg['MaxCharactersInDisplayedSQL']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:1000

The maximum number of characters when a SQL query is displayed. The default limit of 1000 should be correct to avoid the display of tons of hexadecimal codes that represent BLOBs, but some users have real SQL queries that are longer than 1000 characters. Also, if a query's length exceeds this limit, this query is not saved in the history.

$cfg['PersistentConnections']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether persistent connections should be used or not.

$cfg['ForceSSL']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 4.6.0: This setting is no longer available since phpMyAdmin 4.6.0. Please adjust your webserver instead.

Whether to force using https while accessing phpMyAdmin. In a reverse proxy setup, setting this to true is not supported.

Catatan

In some setups (like separate SSL proxy or load balancer) you might have to set $cfg['PmaAbsoluteUri'] for correct redirection.

$cfg['MysqlSslWarningSafeHosts']
Type:susunan
Default value:['127.0.0.1', 'localhost']

This search is case-sensitive and will match the exact string only. If your setup does not use SSL but is safe because you are using a local connection or private network, you can add your hostname or IP to the list. You can also remove the default entries to only include yours.

This check uses the value of $cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'].

Baru pada versi 5.1.0.

Example configuration

$cfg['MysqlSslWarningSafeHosts'] = ['127.0.0.1', 'localhost', 'mariadb.local'];
$cfg['ExecTimeLimit']
Type:integer [number of seconds]
Default value:300

Set the number of seconds a script is allowed to run. If seconds is set to zero, no time limit is imposed. This setting is used while importing/exporting dump files but has no effect when PHP is running in safe mode.

$cfg['SessionSavePath']
Type:String
Default value:''

Path for storing session data (session_save_path PHP parameter).

Peringatan

Folder ini seharusnya tidak diakses secara publik melalui serverweb, jika tidak kamu mengambil risiko pembocoran data dari sesi kalian.

$cfg['MemoryLimit']
Type:string [number of bytes]
Default value:'-1'`

Set the number of bytes a script is allowed to allocate. If set to '-1', no limit is imposed. If set to '0', no change of the memory limit is attempted and the php.ini memory_limit is used.

This setting is used while importing/exporting dump files so you definitely don't want to put here a too low value. It has no effect when PHP is running in safe mode.

You can also use any string as in php.ini, eg. '16M'. Ensure you don't omit the suffix (16 means 16 bytes!)

$cfg['SkipLockedTables']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Tandai tabel yang digunakan dan memungkinkan untuk menampilkan database dengan tabel terkunci (sejak MySQL 3.23.30).

$cfg['ShowSQL']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether SQL queries generated by phpMyAdmin should be displayed or not.

$cfg['RetainQueryBox']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether the SQL query box should be kept displayed after its submission.

$cfg['CodemirrorEnable']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to use a Javascript code editor for SQL query boxes. CodeMirror provides syntax highlighting and line numbers. However, middle-clicking for pasting the clipboard contents in some Linux distributions (such as Ubuntu) is not supported by all browsers.

$cfg['DefaultForeignKeyChecks']
Type:String
Default value:'default'

Default value of the checkbox for foreign key checks, to disable/enable foreign key checks for certain queries. The possible values are 'default', 'enable' or 'disable'. If set to 'default', the value of the MySQL variable FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS is used.

$cfg['AllowUserDropDatabase']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Peringatan

This is not a security measure as there will be always ways to circumvent this. If you want to prohibit users from dropping databases, revoke their corresponding DROP privilege.

Defines whether normal users (non-administrator) are allowed to delete their own database or not. If set as false, the link Drop Database will not be shown, and even a DROP DATABASE mydatabase will be rejected. Quite practical for ISP 's with many customers.

This limitation of SQL queries is not as strict as when using MySQL privileges. This is due to nature of SQL queries which might be quite complicated. So this choice should be viewed as help to avoid accidental dropping rather than strict privilege limitation.

$cfg['Confirm']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether a warning ("Are your really sure...") should be displayed when you're about to lose data.

$cfg['UseDbSearch']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Menetapkan apakah "search string inside database" diaktifkan atau tidak.

$cfg['IgnoreMultiSubmitErrors']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Define whether phpMyAdmin will continue executing a multi-query statement if one of the queries fails. Default is to abort execution.

$cfg['enable_drag_drop_import']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether or not the drag and drop import feature is enabled. When enabled, a user can drag a file in to their browser and phpMyAdmin will attempt to import the file.

$cfg['URLQueryEncryption']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Baru pada versi 4.9.8.

Define whether phpMyAdmin will encrypt sensitive data (like database name and table name) from the URL query string. Default is to not encrypt the URL query string.

$cfg['URLQueryEncryptionSecretKey']
Type:String
Default value:''

Baru pada versi 4.9.8.

A secret key used to encrypt/decrypt the URL query string. Should be 32 bytes long.

Panel utama

$cfg['ShowStats']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not to display space usage and statistics about databases and tables. Note that statistics requires at least MySQL 3.23.3 and that, at this date, MySQL doesn't return such information for Berkeley DB tables.

$cfg['ShowServerInfo']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display detailed server information on main page. You can additionally hide more information by using $cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose'].

$cfg['ShowPhpInfo']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether to display the PHP information or not at the starting main (right) frame.

Please note that to block the usage of phpinfo() in scripts, you have to put this in your php.ini:

disable_functions = phpinfo()

Peringatan

Enabling phpinfo page will leak quite a lot of information about server setup. Is it not recommended to enable this on shared installations.

This might also make easier some remote attacks on your installations, so enable this only when needed.

$cfg['ShowChgPassword']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display the Change password link or not at the starting main (right) frame. This setting does not check MySQL commands entered directly.

Please note that enabling the Change password link has no effect with config authentication mode: because of the hard coded password value in the configuration file, end users can't be allowed to change their passwords.

$cfg['ShowCreateDb']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display the form for creating database or not at the starting main (right) frame. This setting does not check MySQL commands entered directly.

$cfg['ShowGitRevision']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to display information about the current Git revision (if applicable) on the main panel.

$cfg['MysqlMinVersion']
Type:susunan

Defines the minimum supported MySQL version. The default is chosen by the phpMyAdmin team; however this directive was asked by a developer of the Plesk control panel to ease integration with older MySQL servers (where most of the phpMyAdmin features work).

Stuktur basis data

$cfg['ShowDbStructureCreation']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a "Creation" column that displays when each table was created.

$cfg['ShowDbStructureLastUpdate']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a "Last update" column that displays when each table was last updated.

$cfg['ShowDbStructureLastCheck']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether the database structure page (tables list) has a "Last check" column that displays when each table was last checked.

$cfg['HideStructureActions']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether the table structure actions are hidden under a "More" drop-down.

$cfg['ShowColumnComments']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to show column comments as a column in the table structure view.

Modus jelajah

$cfg['TableNavigationLinksMode']
Type:String
Default value:'icons'

Defines whether the table navigation links contain 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['ActionLinksMode']
Type:String
Default value:'both'

If set to icons, will display icons instead of text for db and table properties links (like Browse, Select, Insert, ...). Can be set to 'both' if you want icons AND text. When set to text, will only show text.

$cfg['RowActionType']
Type:String
Default value:'both'

Whether to display icons or text or both icons and text in table row action segment. Value can be either of 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['ShowAll']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether a user should be displayed a "Show all" button in browse mode or not in all cases. By default it is shown only on small tables (less than 500 rows) to avoid performance issues while getting too many rows.

$cfg['MaxRows']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:25

Number of rows displayed when browsing a result set and no LIMIT clause is used. If the result set contains more rows, "Previous" and "Next" links will be shown. Possible values: 25,50,100,250,500.

$cfg['Order']
Type:String
Default value:'SMART'

Defines whether columns are displayed in ascending (ASC) order, in descending (DESC) order or in a "smart" (SMART) order - I.E. descending order for columns of type TIME, DATE, DATETIME and TIMESTAMP, ascending order else- by default.

Berubah pada versi 3.4.0: Since phpMyAdmin 3.4.0 the default value is 'SMART'.

$cfg['GridEditing']
Type:String
Default value:'double-click'

Defines which action (double-click or click) triggers grid editing. Can be deactivated with the disabled value.

$cfg['RelationalDisplay']
Type:String
Default value:'K'

Defines the initial behavior for Options > Relational. K, which is the default, displays the key while D shows the display column.

$cfg['SaveCellsAtOnce']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether or not to save all edited cells at once for grid editing.

Mode edit

$cfg['ProtectBinary']
Type:boolean atau string
Default value:'blob'

Defines whether BLOB or BINARY columns are protected from editing when browsing a table's content. Valid values are:

  • false to allow editing of all columns;
  • 'blob' to allow editing of all columns except BLOBS;
  • 'noblob' to disallow editing of all columns except BLOBS (the opposite of 'blob');
  • 'all' to disallow editing of all BINARY or BLOB columns.
$cfg['ShowFunctionFields']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not MySQL functions fields should be initially displayed in edit/insert mode. Since version 2.10, the user can toggle this setting from the interface.

$cfg['ShowFieldTypesInDataEditView']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether or not type fields should be initially displayed in edit/insert mode. The user can toggle this setting from the interface.

$cfg['InsertRows']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:2

Defines the default number of rows to be entered from the Insert page. Users can manually change this from the bottom of that page to add or remove blank rows.

$cfg['ForeignKeyMaxLimit']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:100

If there are fewer items than this in the set of foreign keys, then a drop-down box of foreign keys is presented, in the style described by the $cfg['ForeignKeyDropdownOrder'] setting.

$cfg['ForeignKeyDropdownOrder']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('content-id', 'id-content')

For the foreign key drop-down fields, there are several methods of display, offering both the key and value data. The contents of the array should be one or both of the following strings: content-id, id-content.

Pengaturan ekspor dan impor

$cfg['ZipDump']
Type:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['GZipDump']
Type:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['BZipDump']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to allow the use of zip/GZip/BZip2 compression when creating a dump file

$cfg['CompressOnFly']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Defines whether to allow on the fly compression for GZip/BZip2 compressed exports. This doesn't affect smaller dumps and allows users to create larger dumps that won't otherwise fit in memory due to php memory limit. Produced files contain more GZip/BZip2 headers, but all normal programs handle this correctly.

$cfg['Export']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(...)

Dalam array ini didefinisikan parameter default untuk ekspor, nama item serupa dengan teks yang terlihat pada halaman ekspor, sehingga Anda dapat dengan mudah mengidentifikasi apa maksudnya.

$cfg['Export']['format']
Type:String
Default value:'sql'

Default export format.

$cfg['Export']['method']
Type:String
Default value:'quick'

Defines how the export form is displayed when it loads. Valid values are:

  • quick to display the minimum number of options to configure
  • custom to display every available option to configure
  • custom-no-form same as custom but does not display the option of using quick export
$cfg['Export']['charset']
Type:String
Default value:''

Defines charset for generated export. By default no charset conversion is done assuming UTF-8.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_table']
Type:String
Default value:'@TABLE@'

Default filename template for table exports.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_database']
Type:String
Default value:'@DATABASE@'

Default filename template for database exports.

$cfg['Export']['file_template_server']
Type:String
Default value:'@SERVER@'

Default filename template for server exports.

$cfg['Export']['remove_definer_from_definitions']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Remove DEFINER clause from the event, view and routine definitions.

Baru pada versi 5.2.0.

$cfg['Import']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(...)

Dalam array ini didefinisikan parameter default untuk ekspor, nama item serupa dengan teks yang terlihat pada halaman import, sehingga Anda dapat dengan mudah mengidentifikasi apa maksudnya.

$cfg['Import']['charset']
Type:String
Default value:''

Defines charset for import. By default no charset conversion is done assuming UTF-8.

Pengaturan penampilan tab

$cfg['TabsMode']
Type:String
Default value:'both'

Defines whether the menu tabs contain 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.

$cfg['PropertiesNumColumns']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:1

How many columns will be utilized to display the tables on the database property view? When setting this to a value larger than 1, the type of the database will be omitted for more display space.

$cfg['DefaultTabServer']
Type:String
Default value:selamat datang

Defines the tab displayed by default on server view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • welcome (recommended for multi-user setups)
  • basis data,
  • status
  • variabel
  • privileges
$cfg['DefaultTabDatabase']
Type:String
Default value:'structure'

Defines the tab displayed by default on database view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • structure
  • sql
  • cari
  • operasi
$cfg['DefaultTabTable']
Type:String
Default value:'browse'

Defines the tab displayed by default on table view. The possible values are the localized equivalent of:

  • structure
  • sql
  • cari
  • insert
  • browse

PDF Options

$cfg['PDFPageSizes']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('A3', 'A4', 'A5', 'letter', 'legal')

Array ukuran kertas yang mungkin untuk membuat halaman PDF.

Anda seharusnya tidak pernah butuh mengganti ini.

$cfg['PDFDefaultPageSize']
Type:String
Default value:'A4'

Default page size to use when creating PDF pages. Valid values are any listed in $cfg['PDFPageSizes'].

Bahasa

$cfg['DefaultLang']
Type:String
Default value:'en'

Defines the default language to use, if not browser-defined or user- defined. The corresponding language file needs to be in locale/code/LC_MESSAGES/phpmyadmin.mo.

$cfg['DefaultConnectionCollation']
Type:String
Default value:'utf8mb4_general_ci'

Defines the default connection collation to use, if not user-defined. See the MySQL documentation for charsets for list of possible values.

$cfg['Lang']
Type:String
Default value:not set

Force language to use. The corresponding language file needs to be in locale/code/LC_MESSAGES/phpmyadmin.mo.

$cfg['FilterLanguages']
Type:String
Default value:''

Limit list of available languages to those matching the given regular expression. For example if you want only Czech and English, you should set filter to '^(cs|en)'.

$cfg['RecodingEngine']
Type:String
Default value:'auto'

You can select here which functions will be used for character set conversion. Possible values are:

  • auto - gunakan salah satu yang tersedia secara otomatis (pertama dicoba iconv, kemudian recode)
  • iconv - gunakan fungsi iconv atau libiconv
  • recode - gunakan fungsi recode_string
  • mb - gunakan ekstensi mbstring
  • none - menonaktifkan konversi pengodean

Enabled charset conversion activates a pull-down menu in the Export and Import pages, to choose the character set when exporting a file. The default value in this menu comes from $cfg['Export']['charset'] and $cfg['Import']['charset'].

$cfg['IconvExtraParams']
Type:String
Default value:'//TRANSLIT'

Specify some parameters for iconv used in charset conversion. See iconv documentation for details. By default //TRANSLIT is used, so that invalid characters will be transliterated.

$cfg['AvailableCharsets']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(...)

Available character sets for MySQL conversion. You can add your own (any of supported by recode/iconv) or remove these which you don't use. Character sets will be shown in same order as here listed, so if you frequently use some of these move them to the top.

Web server settings

$cfg['OBGzip']
Type:string/boolean
Default value:'auto'

Defines whether to use GZip output buffering for increased speed in HTTP transfers. Set to true/false for enabling/disabling. When set to 'auto' (string), phpMyAdmin tries to enable output buffering and will automatically disable it if your browser has some problems with buffering. IE6 with a certain patch is known to cause data corruption when having enabled buffering.

$cfg['TrustedProxies']
Type:susunan
Default value:array()

Daftar proksi dan pembaca HTTP yang dipercaya untuk $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order']. Daftar ini secara default kosong, anda harus mengisi beberapa server proksi yang terpercaya jika anda ingin menggunakan peraturan untuk alamat IP dibelakang proksi.

Contoh berikut menetapkan bahwa phpMyAdmin harus mempercayai header HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR (X-Forwarded-For) yang berasal dari proxy 1.2.3.4:

$cfg['TrustedProxies'] = ['1.2.3.4' => 'HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR'];

The $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] directive uses the client's IP address as usual.

$cfg['GD2Available']
Type:String
Default value:'auto'

Specifies whether GD >= 2 is available. If yes it can be used for MIME transformations. Possible values are:

  • auto - automatically detect
  • yes - GD 2 functions can be used
  • no - GD 2 function cannot be used
$cfg['CheckConfigurationPermissions']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

We normally check the permissions on the configuration file to ensure it's not world writable. However, phpMyAdmin could be installed on a NTFS filesystem mounted on a non-Windows server, in which case the permissions seems wrong but in fact cannot be detected. In this case a sysadmin would set this parameter to false.

$cfg['LinkLengthLimit']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:1000

Limit for length of URL in links. When length would be above this limit, it is replaced by form with button. This is required as some web servers (IIS) have problems with long URL .

$cfg['CSPAllow']
Type:String
Default value:''

Additional string to include in allowed script and image sources in Content Security Policy header.

This can be useful when you want to include some external JavaScript files in config.footer.inc.php or config.header.inc.php, which would be normally not allowed by Content Security Policy.

To allow some sites, just list them within the string:

$cfg['CSPAllow'] = 'example.com example.net';

Baru pada versi 4.0.4.

$cfg['DisableMultiTableMaintenance']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

In the database Structure page, it's possible to mark some tables then choose an operation like optimizing for many tables. This can slow down a server; therefore, setting this to true prevents this kind of multiple maintenance operation.

Theme settings

Please directly modify themes/themename/scss/_variables.scss, although your changes will be overwritten with the next update.

Design customization

$cfg['NavigationTreePointerEnable']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, hovering over an item in the navigation panel causes that item to be marked (the background is highlighted).

$cfg['BrowsePointerEnable']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, hovering over a row in the Browse page causes that row to be marked (the background is highlighted).

$cfg['BrowseMarkerEnable']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

When set to true, a data row is marked (the background is highlighted) when the row is selected with the checkbox.

$cfg['LimitChars']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:50

Maximum number of characters shown in any non-numeric field on browse view. Can be turned off by a toggle button on the browse page.

Type:String
Default value:'kiri'

Defines the place where table row links (Edit, Copy, Delete) would be put when tables contents are displayed (you may have them displayed at the left side, right side, both sides or nowhere).

$cfg['RowActionLinksWithoutUnique']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines whether to show row links (Edit, Copy, Delete) and checkboxes for multiple row operations even when the selection does not have a unique key. Using row actions in the absence of a unique key may result in different/more rows being affected since there is no guaranteed way to select the exact row(s).

$cfg['RememberSorting']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Jika diaktifkan, ingat untuk mengurutkan setiap tabel ketika menjelajahi mereka.

$cfg['TablePrimaryKeyOrder']
Type:String
Default value:'TIDAK ADA'

This defines the default sort order for the tables, having a primary key, when there is no sort order defines externally. Acceptable values : ['NONE', 'ASC', 'DESC']

$cfg['ShowBrowseComments']
Type:boolean
Default value:true
$cfg['ShowPropertyComments']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

By setting the corresponding variable to true you can enable the display of column comments in Browse or Property display. In browse mode, the comments are shown inside the header. In property mode, comments are displayed using a CSS-formatted dashed-line below the name of the column. The comment is shown as a tool-tip for that column.

$cfg['FirstDayOfCalendar']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:0

This will define the first day of week in the calendar. The number can be set from 0 to 6, which represents the seven days of the week, Sunday to Saturday respectively. This value can also be configured by the user in Settings -> Features -> General -> First day of calendar field.

Isian teks

$cfg['CharEditing']
Type:String
Default value:'masukan'

Defines which type of editing controls should be used for CHAR and VARCHAR columns. Applies to data editing and also to the default values in structure editing. Possible values are:

  • input - this allows to limit size of text to size of columns in MySQL, but has problems with newlines in columns
  • textarea - no problems with newlines in columns, but also no length limitations
$cfg['MinSizeForInputField']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:4

Tentukan besar minimum isian masukan untuk kolom CHAR dan VARCHAR.

$cfg['MaxSizeForInputField']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:60

Tentukan besaran maksimum isian masukan untuk kolom CHAR dan VARCHAR.

$cfg['TextareaCols']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:40
$cfg['TextareaRows']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:15
$cfg['CharTextareaCols']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:40
$cfg['CharTextareaRows']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:7

Number of columns and rows for the textareas. This value will be emphasized (*2) for SQL query textareas and (*1.25) for SQL textareas inside the query window.

The Char* values are used for CHAR and VARCHAR editing (if configured via $cfg['CharEditing']).

Berubah pada versi 5.0.0: The default value was changed from 2 to 7.

$cfg['LongtextDoubleTextarea']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Menentukan apakah area teks untuk kolom LONGTEXT harusnya mempunyai ukuran ganda.

$cfg['TextareaAutoSelect']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Defines if the whole textarea of the query box will be selected on click.

$cfg['EnableAutocompleteForTablesAndColumns']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to enable autocomplete for table and column names in any SQL query box.

Pengaturan kotak kueri SQL

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Edit']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display an edit link to change a query in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Explain']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to explain a SELECT query in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['ShowAsPHP']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to wrap a query in PHP code in any SQL Query box.

$cfg['SQLQuery']['Refresh']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Whether to display a link to refresh a query in any SQL Query box.

Web server upload/save/import directories

If PHP is running in safe mode, all directories must be owned by the same user as the owner of the phpMyAdmin scripts.

Jika direktori dimana phpMyAdmin di install dikenakan restriksi open_basedir, kamu harus membuat direktori sementara di sebuah direktori yang bisa diakses oleh interpreter PHP.

For security reasons, all directories should be outside the tree published by webserver. If you cannot avoid having this directory published by webserver, limit access to it either by web server configuration (for example using .htaccess or web.config files) or place at least an empty index.html file there, so that directory listing is not possible. However as long as the directory is accessible by web server, an attacker can guess filenames to download the files.

$cfg['UploadDir']
Type:String
Default value:''

The name of the directory where SQL files have been uploaded by other means than phpMyAdmin (for example, FTP). Those files are available under a drop-down box when you click the database or table name, then the Import tab.

If you want different directory for each user, %u will be replaced with username.

Please note that the file names must have the suffix ".sql" (or ".sql.bz2" or ".sql.gz" if support for compressed formats is enabled).

This feature is useful when your file is too big to be uploaded via HTTP, or when file uploads are disabled in PHP.

Peringatan

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

$cfg['SaveDir']
Type:String
Default value:''

The name of the webserver directory where exported files can be saved.

If you want a different directory for each user, %u will be replaced with the username.

Please note that the directory must exist and has to be writable for the user running webserver.

Peringatan

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

$cfg['TempDir']
Type:String
Default value:'./tmp/'

The name of the directory where temporary files can be stored. It is used for several purposes, currently:

Direktori ini harus memiliki izin yang ketat semaksimal mungkin karena satu-satunya pengguna memerlukan akses direktori ini adalah yang menjalankan server web. Jika Anda memiliki hak istimewa root, cukup untuk membuat "user" pemilik direktori ini dan membuat direktori hanya dapat diakses oleh "user":

chown www-data:www-data tmp
chmod 700 tmp

Jika anda tidak bisa mengganti kepemilikan direktori, anda bisa mendapatkan hasil yang mirip dengan menggunakan ACL:

chmod 700 tmp
setfacl -m "g:www-data:rwx" tmp
setfacl -d -m "g:www-data:rwx" tmp

Jika kedua cara diatas tidak berhasil, anda masih bisa membuat direktori chmod 777, tetapi hal ini bisa menghasilkan risiko pengguna lain membaca dan menulis data dalam direktori ini.

Peringatan

Please see top of this chapter (Web server upload/save/import directories) for instructions how to setup this directory and how to make its usage secure.

Berbagai pengaturan tampilan

$cfg['RepeatCells']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:100

Ulangi setiap sel X, atau 0 untuk menonaktifkannya.

$cfg['QueryHistoryDB']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah
$cfg['QueryHistoryMax']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:25

If $cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] is set to true, all your Queries are logged to a table, which has to be created by you (see $cfg['Servers'][$i]['history']). If set to false, all your queries will be appended to the form, but only as long as your window is opened they remain saved.

When using the JavaScript based query window, it will always get updated when you click on a new table/db to browse and will focus if you click on Edit SQL after using a query. You can suppress updating the query window by checking the box Do not overwrite this query from outside the window below the query textarea. Then you can browse tables/databases in the background without losing the contents of the textarea, so this is especially useful when composing a query with tables you first have to look in. The checkbox will get automatically checked whenever you change the contents of the textarea. Please uncheck the button whenever you definitely want the query window to get updated even though you have made alterations.

If $cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] is set to true you can specify the amount of saved history items using $cfg['QueryHistoryMax'].

$cfg['BrowseMIME']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Enable Transformasi.

$cfg['MaxExactCount']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:50000

For InnoDB tables, determines for how large tables phpMyAdmin should get the exact row count using SELECT COUNT. If the approximate row count as returned by SHOW TABLE STATUS is smaller than this value, SELECT COUNT will be used, otherwise the approximate count will be used.

Berubah pada versi 4.8.0: The default value was lowered to 50000 for performance reasons.

Berubah pada versi 4.2.6: The default value was changed to 500000.

$cfg['MaxExactCountViews']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:0

For VIEWs, since obtaining the exact count could have an impact on performance, this value is the maximum to be displayed, using a SELECT COUNT ... LIMIT. Setting this to 0 bypasses any row counting.

$cfg['NaturalOrder']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Sorts database and table names according to natural order (for example, t1, t2, t10). Currently implemented in the navigation panel and in Database view, for the table list.

$cfg['InitialSlidersState']
Type:String
Default value:'closed'

If set to 'closed', the visual sliders are initially in a closed state. A value of 'open' does the reverse. To completely disable all visual sliders, use 'disabled'.

$cfg['UserprefsDisallow']
Type:susunan
Default value:array()

Contains names of configuration options (keys in $cfg array) that users can't set through user preferences. For possible values, refer to classes under libraries/classes/Config/Forms/User/.

$cfg['UserprefsDeveloperTab']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Baru pada versi 3.4.0.

Activates in the user preferences a tab containing options for developers of phpMyAdmin.

Judul halaman

$cfg['TitleTable']
Type:String
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ / @DATABASE@ / @TABLE@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleDatabase']
Type:String
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ / @DATABASE@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleServer']
Type:String
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ / @VSERVER@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'
$cfg['TitleDefault']
Type:String
Default value:'@HTTP_HOST@ | @PHPMYADMIN@'

Allows you to specify window's title bar. You can use 6.27 What format strings can I use?.

Theme manager settings

$cfg['ThemeManager']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Enables user-selectable themes. See 2.7 Using and creating themes.

$cfg['ThemeDefault']
Type:String
Default value:'pmahomme'

The default theme (a subdirectory under ./themes/).

$cfg['ThemePerServer']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Whether to allow different theme for each server.

$cfg['FontSize']
Type:String
Default value:'82%'

Ditinggalkan sejak versi 5.0.0: This setting was removed as the browser is more efficient, thus no need of this option.

Font size to use, is applied in CSS.

Default queries

$cfg['DefaultQueryTable']
Type:String
Default value:'SELECT * FROM @TABLE@ WHERE 1'
$cfg['DefaultQueryDatabase']
Type:String
Default value:''

Default queries that will be displayed in query boxes when user didn't specify any. You can use standard 6.27 What format strings can I use?.

MySQL settings

$cfg['DefaultFunctions']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('FUNC_CHAR' => '', 'FUNC_DATE' => '', 'FUNC_NUMBER' => '', 'FUNC_SPATIAL' => 'GeomFromText', 'FUNC_UUID' => 'UUID', 'first_timestamp' => 'NOW')

Functions selected by default when inserting/changing row, Functions are defined for meta types as (FUNC_NUMBER, FUNC_DATE, FUNC_CHAR, FUNC_SPATIAL, FUNC_UUID) and for first_timestamp, which is used for first timestamp column in table.

Example configuration

$cfg['DefaultFunctions'] = [
    'FUNC_CHAR' => '',
    'FUNC_DATE' => '',
    'FUNC_NUMBER' => '',
    'FUNC_SPATIAL' => 'ST_GeomFromText',
    'FUNC_UUID' => 'UUID',
    'first_timestamp' => 'UTC_TIMESTAMP',
];

Default options for Transformations

$cfg['DefaultTransformations']
Type:susunan
Default value:Sebuah array dengan nilai kunci yang tercantum di bawah ini
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Substring']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(0, 'all', '...')
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Bool2Text']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('T', 'F')
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['External']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(0, '-f /dev/null -i -wrap -q', 1, 1)
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['PreApPend']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('', '')
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Hex']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('2')
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['DateFormat']
Type:susunan
Default value:array(0, ", 'local')
$cfg['DefaultTransformations']['Inline']
Type:susunan
Default value:array('100', 100)
Type:susunan
Default value:array(", 100, 50)
Type:susunan
Default value:array('', '', '')

Console settings

Catatan

These settings are mostly meant to be changed by user.

$cfg['Console']['StartHistory']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Tampilkan riwayat kueri di awal

$cfg['Console']['AlwaysExpand']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Selalu tampilkan pesan kueri

$cfg['Console']['CurrentQuery']
Type:boolean
Default value:true

Show current browsing query

$cfg['Console']['EnterExecutes']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Execute queries on Enter and insert new line with Shift+Enter

$cfg['Console']['DarkTheme']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Beralih ke tema gelap

$cfg['Console']['Mode']
Type:String
Default value:'info'

Console mode

$cfg['Console']['Height']
Type:bilangan bulat
Default value:92

Console height

Pengembang

Peringatan

These settings might have huge effect on performance or security.

$cfg['environment']
Type:String
Default value:'production'

Sets the working environment.

This only needs to be changed when you are developing phpMyAdmin itself. The development mode may display debug information in some places.

Possible values are 'production' or 'development'.

$cfg['DBG']
Type:susunan
Default value:[]
$cfg['DBG']['sql']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Enable logging queries and execution times to be displayed in the console's Debug SQL tab.

$cfg['DBG']['sqllog']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Enable logging of queries and execution times to the syslog. Requires $cfg['DBG']['sql'] to be enabled.

$cfg['DBG']['demo']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Enable to let server present itself as demo server. This is used for phpMyAdmin demo server.

It currently changes following behavior:

  • There is welcome message on the main page.
  • There is footer information about demo server and used Git revision.
  • The setup script is enabled even with existing configuration.
  • The setup does not try to connect to the MySQL server.
$cfg['DBG']['simple2fa']
Type:boolean
Default value:salah

Dapat digunakan untuk menguji otentikasi dua faktor menggunakan Simple two-factor authentication.

Contoh

Lihat cuplikan konfigurasi berikut untuk setup phpMyAdmin biasa.

Contoh dasar

Example configuration file, which can be copied to config.inc.php to get some core configuration layout; it is distributed with phpMyAdmin as config.sample.inc.php. Please note that it does not contain all configuration options, only the most frequently used ones.

<?php
/**
 * phpMyAdmin sample configuration, you can use it as base for
 * manual configuration. For easier setup you can use setup/
 *
 * All directives are explained in documentation in the doc/ folder
 * or at <https://docs.phpmyadmin.net/>.
 */

declare(strict_types=1);

/**
 * This is needed for cookie based authentication to encrypt password in
 * cookie. Needs to be 32 chars long.
 */
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = ''; /* YOU MUST FILL IN THIS FOR COOKIE AUTH! */

/**
 * Servers configuration
 */
$i = 0;

/**
 * First server
 */
$i++;
/* Authentication type */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
/* Server parameters */
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['compress'] = false;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = false;

/**
 * phpMyAdmin configuration storage settings.
 */

/* User used to manipulate with storage */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlhost'] = '';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlport'] = '';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'pma';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = 'pmapass';

/* Storage database and tables */
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pmadb'] = 'phpmyadmin';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['bookmarktable'] = 'pma__bookmark';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['relation'] = 'pma__relation';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_info'] = 'pma__table_info';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_coords'] = 'pma__table_coords';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['pdf_pages'] = 'pma__pdf_pages';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['column_info'] = 'pma__column_info';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['history'] = 'pma__history';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['table_uiprefs'] = 'pma__table_uiprefs';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['tracking'] = 'pma__tracking';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['userconfig'] = 'pma__userconfig';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['recent'] = 'pma__recent';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['favorite'] = 'pma__favorite';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['users'] = 'pma__users';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['usergroups'] = 'pma__usergroups';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['navigationhiding'] = 'pma__navigationhiding';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['savedsearches'] = 'pma__savedsearches';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['central_columns'] = 'pma__central_columns';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['designer_settings'] = 'pma__designer_settings';
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['export_templates'] = 'pma__export_templates';

/**
 * End of servers configuration
 */

/**
 * Directories for saving/loading files from server
 */
$cfg['UploadDir'] = '';
$cfg['SaveDir'] = '';

/**
 * Whether to display icons or text or both icons and text in table row
 * action segment. Value can be either of 'icons', 'text' or 'both'.
 * default = 'both'
 */
//$cfg['RowActionType'] = 'icons';

/**
 * Defines whether a user should be displayed a "show all (records)"
 * button in browse mode or not.
 * default = false
 */
//$cfg['ShowAll'] = true;

/**
 * Number of rows displayed when browsing a result set. If the result
 * set contains more rows, "Previous" and "Next".
 * Possible values: 25, 50, 100, 250, 500
 * default = 25
 */
//$cfg['MaxRows'] = 50;

/**
 * Disallow editing of binary fields
 * valid values are:
 *   false    allow editing
 *   'blob'   allow editing except for BLOB fields
 *   'noblob' disallow editing except for BLOB fields
 *   'all'    disallow editing
 * default = 'blob'
 */
//$cfg['ProtectBinary'] = false;

/**
 * Default language to use, if not browser-defined or user-defined
 * (you find all languages in the locale folder)
 * uncomment the desired line:
 * default = 'en'
 */
//$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'en';
//$cfg['DefaultLang'] = 'de';

/**
 * How many columns should be used for table display of a database?
 * (a value larger than 1 results in some information being hidden)
 * default = 1
 */
//$cfg['PropertiesNumColumns'] = 2;

/**
 * Set to true if you want DB-based query history.If false, this utilizes
 * JS-routines to display query history (lost by window close)
 *
 * This requires configuration storage enabled, see above.
 * default = false
 */
//$cfg['QueryHistoryDB'] = true;

/**
 * When using DB-based query history, how many entries should be kept?
 * default = 25
 */
//$cfg['QueryHistoryMax'] = 100;

/**
 * Whether or not to query the user before sending the error report to
 * the phpMyAdmin team when a JavaScript error occurs
 *
 * Available options
 * ('ask' | 'always' | 'never')
 * default = 'ask'
 */
//$cfg['SendErrorReports'] = 'always';

/**
 * 'URLQueryEncryption' defines whether phpMyAdmin will encrypt sensitive data from the URL query string.
 * 'URLQueryEncryptionSecretKey' is a 32 bytes long secret key used to encrypt/decrypt the URL query string.
 */
//$cfg['URLQueryEncryption'] = true;
//$cfg['URLQueryEncryptionSecretKey'] = '';

/**
 * You can find more configuration options in the documentation
 * in the doc/ folder or at <https://docs.phpmyadmin.net/>.
 */

Peringatan

Don't use the controluser 'pma' if it does not yet exist and don't use 'pmapass' as password.

Example for signon authentication

This example uses examples/signon.php to demonstrate usage of Mode otentikasi signon:

<?php
$i = 0;
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']     = 'signon';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonSession'] = 'SignonSession';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonURL']     = 'examples/signon.php';

Contoh untuk alamat IP autologin terbatas

Jika Anda ingin login secara otomatis saat mengakses phpMyAdmin secara lokal dan tetap meminta kata sandi saat mengakses dari jarak jauh, Anda dapat mencapainya dengan menggunakan sebagai berikut:

if ($_SERVER['REMOTE_ADDR'] === '127.0.0.1') {
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'config';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] = 'root';
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] = 'yourpassword';
} else {
    $cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
}

Catatan

Penyaringan berdasarkan alamat IP tidak dapat diandalkan melalui internet, gunakan hanya untuk alamat lokal.

Contoh untuk menggunakan banyak server MySQL

You can configure any number of servers using $cfg['Servers'], following example shows two of them:

<?php
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'multiServerExample70518';
// any string of your choice
$i = 0;

$i++; // server 1 :
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']   = 'no1';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']      = 'localhost';
// more options for #1 ...

$i++; // server 2 :
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type'] = 'cookie';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['verbose']   = 'no2';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host']      = 'remote.host.addr';//or ip:'10.9.8.1'
// this server must allow remote clients, e.g., host 10.9.8.%
// not only in mysql.host but also in the startup configuration
// more options for #2 ...

// end of server sections
$cfg['ServerDefault'] = 0; // to choose the server on startup

// further general options ...

Google Cloud SQL dengan SSL

To connect to Google Could SQL, you currently need to disable certificate verification. This is caused by the certificate being issued for CN matching your instance name, but you connect to an IP address and PHP tries to match these two. With verification you end up with error message like:

Peer certificate CN=`api-project-851612429544:pmatest' did not match expected CN=`8.8.8.8'

Peringatan

With disabled verification your traffic is encrypted, but you're open to man in the middle attacks.

To connect phpMyAdmin to Google Cloud SQL using SSL download the client and server certificates and tell phpMyAdmin to use them:

// IP address of your instance
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = '8.8.8.8';
// Use SSL for connection
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl'] = true;
// Client secret key
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key'] = '../client-key.pem';
// Client certificate
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_cert'] = '../client-cert.pem';
// Server certification authority
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca'] = '../server-ca.pem';
// Disable SSL verification (see above note)
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify'] = false;

Amazon RDS Aurora with SSL

To connect phpMyAdmin to an Amazon RDS Aurora MySQL database instance using SSL, download the CA server certificate and tell phpMyAdmin to use it:

// Address of your instance
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'replace-me-custer-name.cluster-replace-me-id.replace-me-region.rds.amazonaws.com';
// Use SSL for connection
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl'] = true;
// You need to have the region CA file and the authority CA file (2019 edition CA for example) in the PEM bundle for it to work
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca'] = '../rds-combined-ca-bundle.pem';
// Enable SSL verification
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify'] = true;

reCaptcha using hCaptcha

$cfg['CaptchaApi'] = 'https://www.hcaptcha.com/1/api.js';
$cfg['CaptchaCsp'] = 'https://hcaptcha.com https://*.hcaptcha.com';
$cfg['CaptchaRequestParam'] = 'h-captcha';
$cfg['CaptchaResponseParam'] = 'h-captcha-response';
$cfg['CaptchaSiteVerifyURL'] = 'https://hcaptcha.com/siteverify';
// This is the secret key from hCaptcha dashboard
$cfg['CaptchaLoginPrivateKey'] = '0xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx';
// This is the site key from hCaptcha dashboard
$cfg['CaptchaLoginPublicKey'] = 'xxx-xxx-xxx-xxx-xxxx';

lihat juga

situs hCaptcha