Installatie

phpMyAdmin past geen speciale beveiligingsmethoden toe op de MySQL databank server. Het is nog steeds de taak van de systeembeheerder om correcte toelatingen te verlenen. De Gebruikers pagina in phpMyAdmin kan hiervoor gebruikt worden.

Linux distributies

phpMyAdmin is aanwezig in de meeste Linux distributies. Gebruik bij voorkeur en indien mogelijk, de bij deze distributie horende installatiepakketten. Deze zijn gewoonlijk goed in de distributie geïntegreerd en krijgen ook automatisch beveiligingsupdates.

Debian and Ubuntu

Most Debian and Ubuntu versions include a phpMyAdmin package, but be aware that the configuration file is maintained in /etc/phpmyadmin and may differ in some ways from the official phpMyAdmin documentation. Specifically, it does:

More specific details about installing Debian or Ubuntu packages are available in our wiki.

Zie ook

More information can be found in README.Debian (it is installed as /usr/share/doc/phpmyadmin/README.Debian with the package).

OpenSUSE

OpenSUSE komt al met phpMyAdmin , installeer het vanaf de openSUSE Build Service.

Gentoo

Gentoo ships the phpMyAdmin package, both in a near-stock configuration as well as in a webapp-config configuration. Use emerge dev-db/phpmyadmin to install.

Mandriva

Mandriva wordt geleverd met phpMyAdmin in de contrib sectie en kan worden geïnstalleerd met het Control Center.

Fedora

Fedora wordt geleverd met phpMyAdmin maar houdt er rekening mee dat de configuratie wordt opgeslagen in /etc/phpMyAdmin en af kan wijken van de officiële phpMyAdmin documentatie.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux

Red Hat Enterprise Linux zelf en dus ook afgeleiden zoals CentOS worden niet geleverd met phpMyAdmin. De Fedora repository Extra Packages for Enterprise Linux (EPEL) werkt wel, als deze actief gemaakt is <https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL/FAQ#howtouse>`_. Maar houdt er rekening mee dat de configuratie wordt opgeslagen in /etc/phpMyAdmin en af kan wijken van de officiële phpMyAdmin documentatie.

Installatie op Windows

The easiest way to get phpMyAdmin on Windows is using third party products which include phpMyAdmin together with a database and web server such as XAMPP.

Je kunt meer van deze opties vinden op Wikipedia.

Installatie vanuit Git

In order to install from Git, you’ll need a few supporting applications:

You can clone current phpMyAdmin source from https://github.com/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin.git:

git clone https://github.com/phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin.git

Additionally you need to install dependencies using Composer:

composer update

If you do not intend to develop, you can skip the installation of developer tools by invoking:

composer update --no-dev

Finally, you’ll need to use Yarn to install some JavaScript dependencies:

yarn install --production

Installatie met Composer

You can install phpMyAdmin using the Composer tool, since 4.7.0 the releases are automatically mirrored to the default Packagist repository.

Notitie

The content of the Composer repository is automatically generated separately from the releases, so the content doesn’t have to be 100% same as when you download the tarball. There should be no functional differences though.

To install phpMyAdmin simply run:

composer create-project phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

Alternatively you can use our own composer repository, which contains the release tarballs and is available at <https://www.phpmyadmin.net/packages.json>:

composer create-project phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin --repository-url=https://www.phpmyadmin.net/packages.json --no-dev

Installatie met Docker

phpMyAdmin comes with a Docker official image, which you can easily deploy. You can download it using:

docker pull phpmyadmin

The phpMyAdmin server will listen on port 80. It supports several ways of configuring the link to the database server, either by Docker’s link feature by linking your database container to db for phpMyAdmin (by specifying --link your_db_host:db) or by environment variables (in this case it’s up to you to set up networking in Docker to allow the phpMyAdmin container to access the database container over the network).

Docker environment variables

You can configure several phpMyAdmin features using environment variables:

PMA_ARBITRARY

Allows you to enter a database server hostname on login form.

PMA_HOST

Hostnaam of IP adres van de te gebruiken databaseserver.

PMA_HOSTS

Komma gescheiden hostnamen of IP adressen van de te gebruiken databaseservers.

Notitie

Used only if PMA_HOST is empty.

PMA_VERBOSE

Uitgebreide naam van de databaseserver.

PMA_VERBOSES

Komma gescheiden uitgebreide namen van de databaseservers.

Notitie

Used only if PMA_VERBOSE is empty.

PMA_USER

User name to use for Configuratie authentificatie modus.

PMA_PASSWORD

Password to use for Configuratie authentificatie modus.

PMA_PORT

Poortnummer van de te gebruiken databaseserver.

PMA_PORTS

Komma gescheiden poortnummers van de te gebruiken databaseserver.

Notitie

Used only if PMA_PORT is empty.

PMA_ABSOLUTE_URI

The fully-qualified path (https://pma.example.net/) where the reverse proxy makes phpMyAdmin available.

HIDE_PHP_VERSION

If defined, this option will hide the PHP version (expose_php = Off). Set to any value (such as HIDE_PHP_VERSION=true).

UPLOAD_LIMIT

If set, this option will override the default value for apache and php-fpm (this will change upload_max_filesize and post_max_size values).

Notitie

Format as [0-9+](K,M,G) default value is 2048K

PMA_CONFIG_BASE64

If set, this option will override the default config.inc.php with the base64 decoded contents of the variable.

PMA_USER_CONFIG_BASE64

If set, this option will override the default config.user.inc.php with the base64 decoded contents of the variable.

By default, Cookie authentificatie modus is used, but if PMA_USER and PMA_PASSWORD are set, it is switched to Configuratie authentificatie modus.

Notitie

The credentials you need to log in are stored in the MySQL server, in case of Docker image, there are various ways to set it (for example MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD when starting the MySQL container). Please check documentation for MariaDB container or MySQL container.

Customizing configuration

Additionally configuration can be tweaked by /etc/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php. If this file exists, it will be loaded after configuration is generated from above environment variables, so you can override any configuration variable. This configuration can be added as a volume when invoking docker using -v /some/local/directory/config.user.inc.php:/etc/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php parameters.

Note that the supplied configuration file is applied after Docker environment variables, but you can override any of the values.

For example to change the default behavior of CSV export you can use the following configuration file:

<?php
$cfg['Export']['csv_columns'] = true;

You can also use it to define server configuration instead of using the environment variables listed in Docker environment variables:

<?php
/* Override Servers array */
$cfg['Servers'] = [
    1 => [
        'auth_type' => 'cookie',
        'host' => 'mydb1',
        'port' => 3306,
        'verbose' => 'Verbose name 1',
    ],
    2 => [
        'auth_type' => 'cookie',
        'host' => 'mydb2',
        'port' => 3306,
        'verbose' => 'Verbose name 2',
    ],
];

Zie ook

See Configuratie for detailed description of configuration options.

Docker volumes

You can use the following volumes to customize image behavior:

/etc/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php

Can be used for additional settings, see the previous chapter for more details.

/sessions/

Directory where PHP sessions are stored. You might want to share this for example when using Authentificatie door ondertekening modus.

/www/themes/

Directory where phpMyAdmin looks for themes. By default only those shipped with phpMyAdmin are included, but you can include additional phpMyAdmin themes (see Custom Themes) by using Docker volumes.

Docker voorbeelden

To connect phpMyAdmin to a given server use:

docker run --name myadmin -d -e PMA_HOST=dbhost -p 8080:80 phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

To connect phpMyAdmin to more servers use:

docker run --name myadmin -d -e PMA_HOSTS=dbhost1,dbhost2,dbhost3 -p 8080:80 phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

To use arbitrary server option:

docker run --name myadmin -d --link mysql_db_server:db -p 8080:80 -e PMA_ARBITRARY=1 phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

You can also link the database container using Docker:

docker run --name phpmyadmin -d --link mysql_db_server:db -p 8080:80 phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

Uitvoeren met additionele configuratie:

docker run --name phpmyadmin -d --link mysql_db_server:db -p 8080:80 -v /some/local/directory/config.user.inc.php:/etc/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

Running with additional themes:

docker run --name phpmyadmin -d --link mysql_db_server:db -p 8080:80 -v /custom/phpmyadmin/theme/:/www/themes/theme/ phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin

Using docker-compose

Alternatively, you can also use docker-compose with the docker-compose.yml from <https://github.com/phpmyadmin/docker>. This will run phpMyAdmin with an arbitrary server - allowing you to specify MySQL/MariaDB server on the login page.

docker-compose up -d

Aanpassen van het configuratiebestand met docker-compose

You can use an external file to customize phpMyAdmin configuration and pass it using the volumes directive:

phpmyadmin:
    image: phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin
    container_name: phpmyadmin
    environment:
     - PMA_ARBITRARY=1
    restart: always
    ports:
     - 8080:80
    volumes:
     - /sessions
     - ~/docker/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php:/etc/phpmyadmin/config.user.inc.php
     - /custom/phpmyadmin/theme/:/www/themes/theme/

Running behind haproxy in a subdirectory

When you want to expose phpMyAdmin running in a Docker container in a subdirectory, you need to rewrite the request path in the server proxying the requests.

For example, using haproxy it can be done as:

frontend http
    bind *:80
    option forwardfor
    option http-server-close

    ### NETWORK restriction
    acl LOCALNET  src 10.0.0.0/8 192.168.0.0/16 172.16.0.0/12

    # /phpmyadmin
    acl phpmyadmin  path_dir /phpmyadmin
    use_backend phpmyadmin if phpmyadmin LOCALNET

backend phpmyadmin
    mode http

    reqirep  ^(GET|POST|HEAD)\ /phpmyadmin/(.*)     \1\ /\2

    # phpMyAdmin container IP
    server localhost     172.30.21.21:80

When using traefik, something like following should work:

defaultEntryPoints = ["http"]
[entryPoints]
  [entryPoints.http]
  address = ":80"
    [entryPoints.http.redirect]
      regex = "(http:\\/\\/[^\\/]+\\/([^\\?\\.]+)[^\\/])$"
      replacement = "$1/"

[backends]
  [backends.myadmin]
    [backends.myadmin.servers.myadmin]
    url="http://internal.address.to.pma"

[frontends]
   [frontends.myadmin]
   backend = "myadmin"
   passHostHeader = true
     [frontends.myadmin.routes.default]
     rule="PathPrefixStrip:/phpmyadmin/;AddPrefix:/"

You then should specify PMA_ABSOLUTE_URI in the docker-compose configuration:

version: '2'

services:
  phpmyadmin:
    restart: always
    image: phpmyadmin/phpmyadmin
    container_name: phpmyadmin
    hostname: phpmyadmin
    domainname: example.com
    ports:
      - 8000:80
    environment:
      - PMA_HOSTS=172.26.36.7,172.26.36.8,172.26.36.9,172.26.36.10
      - PMA_VERBOSES=production-db1,production-db2,dev-db1,dev-db2
      - PMA_USER=root
      - PMA_PASSWORD=
      - PMA_ABSOLUTE_URI=http://example.com/phpmyadmin/

IBM Cloud

One of our users has created a helpful guide for installing phpMyAdmin on the IBM Cloud platform.

Snelle installatie

  1. Kies een passend distributiepakket van de phpmyadmin.net Downloads pagina. Sommige paketten bevatten alleen de Engelse berichten, anderen bevatten alle talen. We nemen aan dat u het pakket kiest waarvan de naam lijkt op phpMyAdmin-x.x.x-all-languages.tar.gz.
  2. Zorg ervoor dat je een authentieke versie hebt gedownload, zie Verifiëer phpMyAdmin releases.
  3. Untar or unzip the distribution (be sure to unzip the subdirectories): tar -xzvf phpMyAdmin_x.x.x-all-languages.tar.gz in your webserver’s document root. If you don’t have direct access to your document root, put the files in a directory on your local machine, and, after step 4, transfer the directory on your web server using, for example, FTP.
  4. Controleer of alle scripts de goede gebruikersrechten hebben (als PHP in safe mode wordt uitgevoerd, kunnen sommige scripts met een gebruiker die verschilt van de gebruiker van een ander script problemen opleveren). Zie 4.2 What’s the preferred way of making phpMyAdmin secure against evil access? en 1.26 I just installed phpMyAdmin in my document root of IIS but I get the error “No input file specified” when trying to run phpMyAdmin. voor aanbevelingen.
  5. Nu moet u uw installatie configureren. Er zijn twee methoden die gebruikt kunnen worden. Oorspronkelijk moest men config.inc.php bewerken maar nu wordt een configuratiewizard ter beschikking gesteld voor degenen die liever een grafische installatie uitvoeren. Een bestand genaamd config.inc.php aanmaken is nog steeds een snelle manier om te beginnen en is ook nodig om enkele geavanceerde mogelijkheden te gebruiken.

Bestand handmatig aanmaken

Om zelf config.inc.php aan de maken, kunt u gebruik maken van een tekstverwerker. (kopieer config.sample.inc.php voor de minimale configuratie). Plaats het bestand in de (hoogste) phpMyAdmin map (waar index.php ook staat). phpMyAdmin laad eerst libraries/config.default.php waarna het de waardes overschrijft met wat in de config.inc.php staat. Als de standaard waarde goed is voor een bepaalde configuratie, dan hoeft u dit niet in de config.inc.php te zetten.Er zijn een paar richtlijnen om het werkend te krijgen, een simpele configuratie kan er zo uit zien:

<?php
// use here a value of your choice at least 32 chars long
$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = '1{dd0`<Q),5XP_:R9UK%%8\"EEcyH#{o';

$i=0;
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']     = 'cookie';
// if you insist on "root" having no password:
// $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowNoPassword'] = true;

Of als u niet elke keer herinnerd wilt worden bij het inloggen:

<?php

$i=0;
$i++;
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['user']          = 'root';
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['password']      = 'changeme'; // use here your password
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['auth_type']     = 'config';

Waarschuwing

Storing passwords in the configuration is insecure as anybody can then manipulate your database.

Voor een volledige uitleg van alle mogelijk configuratie instellingen, zie de Configuratie van dit document.

Using the Setup script

In plaats van het handmatig bewerken van config.inc.php, kunt u de setup-functie van phpMyAdmin gebruiken. Het bestand kan worden gegenereerd met setup en u kan het downloaden voor het uploaden naar de server.

Next, open your browser and visit the location where you installed phpMyAdmin, with the /setup suffix. The changes are not saved to the server, you need to use the Download button to save them to your computer and then upload to the server.

Now the file is ready to be used. You can choose to review or edit the file with your favorite editor, if you prefer to set some advanced options that the setup script does not provide.

  1. Als je de auth_type config gebruikt, is het aangeraden om de installatiemap van phpMyAdmin te beschermen. Dit omdat het gebruiken van de “config” de gebruiker niet verplicht om een antwoord in te geven om phpMyAdmin te openen. Het gebruik van een alternatieve authenticatiemethode is aangeraden, bijvoorbeeld door het gebruik van HTTP-AUTH in een .htaccess bestand of door het gebruik van een auth_type cookie of http. Voor verdere informatie, zie ISPs, multi-user installations, voornamelijk 4.4 phpMyAdmin always gives “Access denied” when using HTTP authentication..
  2. Open de phpMyAdmin hoofdmap in uw browser. phpMyAdmin zou nu een welkom scherm en uw databases moeten laten zien, of een login scherm bij gebruik van HTTP of cookie authenticatie mode.

Setup script on Debian, Ubuntu and derivatives

Debian and Ubuntu have changed the way in which the setup script is enabled and disabled, in a way that single command has to be executed for either of these.

Om wijzigen van bestaande configuratie toe te staan, start:

/usr/sbin/pma-configure

Om wijzigen van een bestaande configuratie te blokkeren, start:

/usr/sbin/pma-secure

Installatiescript voor openSUSE

Some openSUSE releases do not include setup script in the package. In case you want to generate configuration on these you can either download original package from <https://www.phpmyadmin.net/> or use setup script on our demo server: <https://demo.phpmyadmin.net/master/setup/>.

Verifiëer phpMyAdmin releases

Sinds juli 2015 zijn alle phpMyAdmin releases cryptografisch gesigneerd door de ontwikkelaar welke de release samen heeft gesteld, tot januari 2016 was dit Marc Delisle. Zijn sleutel id is 0xFEFC65D181AF644A, en zijn PGP vingerafdruk is:

436F F188 4B1A 0C3F DCBF 0D79 FEFC 65D1 81AF 644A

and you can get more identification information from <https://keybase.io/lem9>.

Beginning in January 2016, the release manager is Isaac Bennetch. His key id is 0xCE752F178259BD92, and his PGP fingerprint is:

3D06 A59E CE73 0EB7 1B51 1C17 CE75 2F17 8259 BD92

and you can get more identification information from <https://keybase.io/ibennetch>.

Some additional downloads (for example themes) might be signed by Michal Čihař. His key id is 0x9C27B31342B7511D, and his PGP fingerprint is:

63CB 1DF1 EF12 CF2A C0EE 5A32 9C27 B313 42B7 511D

and you can get more identification information from <https://keybase.io/nijel>.

You should verify that the signature matches the archive you have downloaded. This way you can be sure that you are using the same code that was released. You should also verify the date of the signature to make sure that you downloaded the latest version.

Each archive is accompanied by .asc files which contain the PGP signature for it. Once you have both of them in the same folder, you can verify the signature:

$ gpg --verify phpMyAdmin-4.5.4.1-all-languages.zip.asc
gpg: Signature made Fri 29 Jan 2016 08:59:37 AM EST using RSA key ID 8259BD92
gpg: Can't check signature: public key not found

As you can see gpg complains that it does not know the public key. At this point, you should do one of the following steps:

$ gpg --import phpmyadmin.keyring
  • Download en importeer de sleutel van één van de sleutel servers:
$ gpg --keyserver hkp://pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 3D06A59ECE730EB71B511C17CE752F178259BD92
gpg: requesting key 8259BD92 from hkp server pgp.mit.edu
gpg: key 8259BD92: public key "Isaac Bennetch <bennetch@gmail.com>" imported
gpg: no ultimately trusted keys found
gpg: Total number processed: 1
gpg:               imported: 1  (RSA: 1)

This will improve the situation a bit - at this point, you can verify that the signature from the given key is correct but you still can not trust the name used in the key:

$ gpg --verify phpMyAdmin-4.5.4.1-all-languages.zip.asc
gpg: Signature made Fri 29 Jan 2016 08:59:37 AM EST using RSA key ID 8259BD92
gpg: Good signature from "Isaac Bennetch <bennetch@gmail.com>"
gpg:                 aka "Isaac Bennetch <isaac@bennetch.org>"
gpg: WARNING: This key is not certified with a trusted signature!
gpg:          There is no indication that the signature belongs to the owner.
Primary key fingerprint: 3D06 A59E CE73 0EB7 1B51  1C17 CE75 2F17 8259 BD92

The problem here is that anybody could issue the key with this name. You need to ensure that the key is actually owned by the mentioned person. The GNU Privacy Handbook covers this topic in the chapter Validating other keys on your public keyring. The most reliable method is to meet the developer in person and exchange key fingerprints, however, you can also rely on the web of trust. This way you can trust the key transitively though signatures of others, who have met the developer in person.

Wanneer de sleutel eenmaal vertrouwd is zal de waarschuwing niet meer optreden:

$ gpg --verify phpMyAdmin-4.5.4.1-all-languages.zip.asc
gpg: Signature made Fri 29 Jan 2016 08:59:37 AM EST using RSA key ID 8259BD92
gpg: Good signature from "Isaac Bennetch <bennetch@gmail.com>" [full]

Should the signature be invalid (the archive has been changed), you would get a clear error regardless of the fact that the key is trusted or not:

$ gpg --verify phpMyAdmin-4.5.4.1-all-languages.zip.asc
gpg: Signature made Fri 29 Jan 2016 08:59:37 AM EST using RSA key ID 8259BD92
gpg: BAD signature from "Isaac Bennetch <bennetch@gmail.com>" [unknown]

phpMyAdmin configuratie opslag

Veranderd in versie 3.4.0: Prior to phpMyAdmin 3.4.0 this was called Linked Tables Infrastructure, but the name was changed due to the extended scope of the storage.

Voor een volledige set bijkomende functies (Bladwijzers, comments, SQL-history, tracking mechanism, PDF-generation, Transformations, Relaties etc.) moet je een set speciale tabellen creëren. Deze tabellen kunnen zich bevinden in je eigen database, of in een centrale database van een installatie met meerdere gebruikers (deze database wordt dan beheerd door een controlegebruiker, zodat andere gebruikers hiertoe geen toegang hebben).

Nul configuratie

In de meeste gevallen, deze databank structuur kan automatisch aangemaakt en geconfigureerd worden. Dit word “Zero Configuration” modes genoemd en kan in gedeelde hosting handig zijn. “Zeroconf” staat standaard aan, u kunt deze modus uitzetten door: $cfg['ZeroConf'] op false te zetten.

De volgende drie scenarios worden gedekt door de Nul Configuratie modus:

  • Wanneer u een databank bezoekt en er geen configuratie opslag tabellen aanwezig zijn, zal phpMyAdmin aanbieden om ze aan te maken via de Handelingen tabblad.
  • When entering a database where the tables do already exist, the software automatically detects this and begins using them. This is the most common situation; after the tables are initially created automatically they are continually used without disturbing the user; this is also most useful on shared hosting where the user is not able to edit config.inc.php and usually the user only has access to one database.
  • When having access to multiple databases, if the user first enters the database containing the configuration storage tables then switches to another database, phpMyAdmin continues to use the tables from the first database; the user is not prompted to create more tables in the new database.

Handmatige configuratie

Bekijk de volgende map ./sql/, hier zou je een bestand genaamd create_tables.sql moeten vinden. (Als je gebruik maakt van een Windows server, besteed dan extra aandacht aan 1.23 I’m running MySQL on a Win32 machine. Each time I create a new table the table and column names are changed to lowercase!).

Indien je reeds deze infrastructuur had en:

  • Geüpgraded naar MySQL 4.1.2 of nieuwer, gebruik alstublieft het bestand sql/upgrade_tables_mysql_4_1_2+.sql.
  • geüpgraded naar phpMyAdmin 4.3.0 of nieuwer van 2.5.0 of nieuwer (<=4.2.x), gebruik alstublieft het bestand: sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql.
  • geüpgraded naar phpMyAdmin 4.7.0 of nieuwer van 4.3.0 of nieuwer , gebruik alstublieft het bestand: sql/upgrade_tables_4_7_0+.sql.

maak dan nieuwe tabellen door het importeren van sql/create_tables.sql.

Je kan jouw phpMyAdmin gebruiken om tabellen te creëren. Houd er rekening mee dat je mogelijks speciale (administrator) privileges nodig hebt om databases en tabellen te creëren. Verder kan het script enige tuning nodig hebben, afhankelijk van de databasenaam.

Na het importeren van het bestand sql/create_tables.sql, pas je de namen van de tabellen aan in het bestand config.inc.php. De richtlijnen hiervoor zijn terug te vinden in de Configuratie.

Je zal ook een controlegebruiker nodig hebben ($cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] and $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] settings) met de benodigde rechten op deze tabellen. Je kan dit bijvoorbeeld creëren door gebruik te maken van volgend statement:

And for any MariaDB version:

CREATE USER 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED VIA mysql_native_password USING 'pmapass';
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON `<pma_db>`.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';

Voor MySQL 8.0 en nieuwer:

CREATE USER 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH caching_sha2_password BY 'pmapass';
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON <pma_db>.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';

For MySQL older than 8.0:

CREATE USER 'pma'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED WITH mysql_native_password AS 'pmapass';
GRANT SELECT, INSERT, UPDATE, DELETE ON <pma_db>.* TO 'pma'@'localhost';

Note that MySQL installations with PHP older than 7.4 and MySQL newer than 8.0 may require using the mysql_native_password authentication as a workaround, see 1.45 I get an error message about unknown authentication method caching_sha2_password when trying to log in for details.

Upgraden van een oudere versie

Waarschuwing

Pak nooit een nieuwere versie uit over een bestaande installatie van phpMyAdmin. Verwijder altijd eerst de oude bestanden en bewaar behalve het configuratiebestand.

This way, you will not leave any old or outdated files in the directory, which can have severe security implications or can cause various breakages.

Kopieer eenvoudigweg het bestand config.inc.php uit uw vorige installatie naar uw nieuwe. Configuratiebestanden van oudere versies kunnen wat aanpassingen nodig hebben aangezien bepaalde opties veranderd of verwijderd kunnen zijn. Voor compatibiliteit met PHP 5.3 en later, verwijder een ‘set_magic_quotes_runtime(0)’ statement dat u kan vinden aan het einde van uw configuratiebestand.

Je mag het libraries/config.default.php niet over config.inc.php kopiëren aangezien het standaard configuratiebestand versie-specifiek is.

The complete upgrade can be performed in a few simple steps:

  1. U kunt de laatste versie vinden op <https://www.phpmyadmin.net/downloads/>.
  2. Rename existing phpMyAdmin folder (for example to phpmyadmin-old).
  3. Unpack freshly downloaded phpMyAdmin to the desired location (for example phpmyadmin).
  4. Copy config.inc.php` from old location (phpmyadmin-old) to the new one (phpmyadmin).
  5. Test that everything works properly.
  6. Remove backup of a previous version (phpmyadmin-old).

Als u uw MySQL-server van versie 4.1.2 naar versie 5.x of nieuwer hebt geüpgraded, en als u de phpMyAdmin configuratie-opslag gebruikt, moet u het script SQL uitvoeren dat terug te vinden is in sql/upgrade_tables_mysql_4_1_2+.sql.

Indien u phpMyAdmin hebt geüpgraded naar 4.3.0 of nieuwer van 2.5.0 of nieuwer (<= 4.2.x) en als u de phpMyAdmin configuratie-opslag gebruikt, laat u het script SQL lopen, terug te vinden in sql/upgrade_column_info_4_3_0+.sql.

Do not forget to clear the browser cache and to empty the old session by logging out and logging in again.

Het gebruik van authentificatie modes

HTTP and cookie authentication modes are recommended in a multi-user environment where you want to give users access to their own database and don’t want them to play around with others. Nevertheless, be aware that MS Internet Explorer seems to be really buggy about cookies, at least till version 6. Even in a single-user environment, you might prefer to use HTTP or cookie mode so that your user/password pair are not in clear in the configuration file.

HTTP and cookie authentication modes are more secure: the MySQL login information does not need to be set in the phpMyAdmin configuration file (except possibly for the $cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser']). However, keep in mind that the password travels in plain text unless you are using the HTTPS protocol. In cookie mode, the password is stored, encrypted with the AES algorithm, in a temporary cookie.

Then each of the true users should be granted a set of privileges on a set of particular databases. Normally you shouldn’t give global privileges to an ordinary user unless you understand the impact of those privileges (for example, you are creating a superuser). For example, to grant the user real_user with all privileges on the database user_base:

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON user_base.* TO 'real_user'@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'real_password';

What the user may now do is controlled entirely by the MySQL user management system. With HTTP or cookie authentication mode, you don’t need to fill the user/password fields inside the $cfg['Servers'].

HTTP authentificatie modus

Notitie

There is no way to do proper logout in HTTP authentication, most browsers will remember credentials until there is no different successful authentication. Because of this, this method has a limitation that you can not login with the same user after logout.

Authentificatie door ondertekening modus

Het basale voorbeeld voor het opslaan van ‘autorisatieinformatie’ in een sessie is beschikbaar als examples/signon.php:

<?php
/**
 * Single signon for phpMyAdmin
 *
 * This is just example how to use session based single signon with
 * phpMyAdmin, it is not intended to be perfect code and look, only
 * shows how you can integrate this functionality in your application.
 */

declare(strict_types=1);

/* Use cookies for session */
ini_set('session.use_cookies', 'true');
/* Change this to true if using phpMyAdmin over https */
$secure_cookie = false;
/* Need to have cookie visible from parent directory */
session_set_cookie_params(0, '/', '', $secure_cookie, true);
/* Create signon session */
$session_name = 'SignonSession';
session_name($session_name);
// Uncomment and change the following line to match your $cfg['SessionSavePath']
//session_save_path('/foobar');
@session_start();

/* Was data posted? */
if (isset($_POST['user'])) {
    /* Store there credentials */
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_user'] = $_POST['user'];
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_password'] = $_POST['password'];
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_host'] = $_POST['host'];
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_port'] = $_POST['port'];
    /* Update another field of server configuration */
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_cfgupdate'] = ['verbose' => 'Signon test'];
    $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_HMAC_secret'] = hash('sha1', uniqid(strval(rand()), true));
    $id = session_id();
    /* Close that session */
    @session_write_close();
    /* Redirect to phpMyAdmin (should use absolute URL here!) */
    header('Location: ../index.php');
} else {
    /* Show simple form */
    header('Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8');

    echo '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>' . "\n";
    echo '<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
<head>
<link rel="icon" href="../favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon">
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="../favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon">
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>phpMyAdmin single signon example</title>
</head>
<body>';

    if (isset($_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_error_message'])) {
        echo '<p class="error">';
        echo $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_error_message'];
        echo '</p>';
    }

    echo '<form action="signon.php" method="post">
Username: <input type="text" name="user" autocomplete="username"><br>
Password: <input type="password" name="password" autocomplete="current-password"><br>
Host: (will use the one from config.inc.php by default)
<input type="text" name="host"><br>
Port: (will use the one from config.inc.php by default)
<input type="text" name="port"><br>
<input type="submit">
</form>
</body>
</html>';
}

Alternatively, you can also use this way to integrate with OpenID as shown in examples/openid.php:

<?php
/**
 * Single signon for phpMyAdmin using OpenID
 *
 * This is just example how to use single signon with phpMyAdmin, it is
 * not intended to be perfect code and look, only shows how you can
 * integrate this functionality in your application.
 *
 * It uses OpenID pear package, see https://pear.php.net/package/OpenID
 *
 * User first authenticates using OpenID and based on content of $AUTH_MAP
 * the login information is passed to phpMyAdmin in session data.
 */

declare(strict_types=1);

if (false === @include_once 'OpenID/RelyingParty.php') {
    exit;
}

/* Change this to true if using phpMyAdmin over https */
$secure_cookie = false;

/**
 * Map of authenticated users to MySQL user/password pairs.
 */
$AUTH_MAP = [
    'https://launchpad.net/~username' => [
        'user' => 'root',
        'password' => '',
    ],
];

// phpcs:disable PSR1.Files.SideEffects,Squiz.Functions.GlobalFunction

/**
 * Simple function to show HTML page with given content.
 *
 * @param string $contents Content to include in page
 *
 * @return void
 */
function Show_page($contents)
{
    header('Content-Type: text/html; charset=utf-8');

    echo '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>' . "\n";
    echo '<!DOCTYPE HTML>
<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
<head>
<link rel="icon" href="../favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon">
<link rel="shortcut icon" href="../favicon.ico" type="image/x-icon">
<meta charset="utf-8">
<title>phpMyAdmin OpenID signon example</title>
</head>
<body>';

    if (isset($_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_error_message'])) {
        echo '<p class="error">' . $_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_message'] . '</p>';
        unset($_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_message']);
    }

    echo $contents;
    echo '</body></html>';
}

/**
 * Display error and exit
 *
 * @param Exception $e Exception object
 *
 * @return void
 */
function Die_error($e)
{
    $contents = "<div class='relyingparty_results'>\n";
    $contents .= '<pre>' . htmlspecialchars($e->getMessage()) . "</pre>\n";
    $contents .= "</div class='relyingparty_results'>";
    Show_page($contents);
    exit;
}

// phpcs:enable

/* Need to have cookie visible from parent directory */
session_set_cookie_params(0, '/', '', $secure_cookie, true);
/* Create signon session */
$session_name = 'SignonSession';
session_name($session_name);
@session_start();

// Determine realm and return_to
$base = 'http';
if (isset($_SERVER['HTTPS']) && $_SERVER['HTTPS'] === 'on') {
    $base .= 's';
}

$base .= '://' . $_SERVER['SERVER_NAME'] . ':' . $_SERVER['SERVER_PORT'];

$realm = $base . '/';
$returnTo = $base . dirname($_SERVER['PHP_SELF']);
if ($returnTo[strlen($returnTo) - 1] !== '/') {
    $returnTo .= '/';
}

$returnTo .= 'openid.php';

/* Display form */
if ((! count($_GET) && ! count($_POST)) || isset($_GET['phpMyAdmin'])) {
    /* Show simple form */
    $content = '<form action="openid.php" method="post">
OpenID: <input type="text" name="identifier"><br>
<input type="submit" name="start">
</form>';
    Show_page($content);
    exit;
}

/* Grab identifier */
$identifier = null;
if (isset($_POST['identifier']) && is_string($_POST['identifier'])) {
    $identifier = $_POST['identifier'];
} elseif (isset($_SESSION['identifier']) && is_string($_SESSION['identifier'])) {
    $identifier = $_SESSION['identifier'];
}

/* Create OpenID object */
try {
    $o = new OpenID_RelyingParty($returnTo, $realm, $identifier);
} catch (Throwable $e) {
    Die_error($e);
}

/* Redirect to OpenID provider */
if (isset($_POST['start'])) {
    try {
        $authRequest = $o->prepare();
    } catch (Throwable $e) {
        Die_error($e);
    }

    $url = $authRequest->getAuthorizeURL();

    header('Location: ' . $url);
    exit;
}

/* Grab query string */
if (! count($_POST)) {
    [, $queryString] = explode('?', $_SERVER['REQUEST_URI']);
} else {
    // Fetch the raw query body
    $queryString = file_get_contents('php://input');
}

/* Check reply */
try {
    $message = new OpenID_Message($queryString, OpenID_Message::FORMAT_HTTP);
} catch (Throwable $e) {
    Die_error($e);
}

$id = $message->get('openid.claimed_id');

if (empty($id) || ! isset($AUTH_MAP[$id])) {
    Show_page('<p>User not allowed!</p>');
    exit;
}

$_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_user'] = $AUTH_MAP[$id]['user'];
$_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_password'] = $AUTH_MAP[$id]['password'];
$_SESSION['PMA_single_signon_HMAC_secret'] = hash('sha1', uniqid(strval(rand()), true));
session_write_close();
/* Redirect to phpMyAdmin (should use absolute URL here!) */
header('Location: ../index.php');

If you intend to pass the credentials using some other means than, you have to implement wrapper in PHP to get that data and set it to $cfg['Servers'][$i]['SignonScript']. There is a very minimal example in examples/signon-script.php:

<?php
/**
 * Single signon for phpMyAdmin
 *
 * This is just example how to use script based single signon with
 * phpMyAdmin, it is not intended to be perfect code and look, only
 * shows how you can integrate this functionality in your application.
 */

declare(strict_types=1);

// phpcs:disable Squiz.Functions.GlobalFunction

/**
 * This function returns username and password.
 *
 * It can optionally use configured username as parameter.
 *
 * @param string $user User name
 *
 * @return array
 */
function get_login_credentials($user)
{
    /* Optionally we can use passed username */
    if (! empty($user)) {
        return [
            $user,
            'password',
        ];
    }

    /* Here we would retrieve the credentials */
    return [
        'root',
        '',
    ];
}

Configuratie authentificatie modus

  • Deze modus is soms minder veilig aangezien het U verplicht om de velden $cfg['Servers'][$i]['user'] en $cfg['Servers'][$i]['password'] in te vullen (met het resultaat dat iedereen die uw config.inc.php kan lezen, uw gebruikersnaam en wachtwoord kan zien.).
  • In de ISPs, multi-user installations sectie, wordt uitgelegd hoe u uw configuratie bestand kan beschermen.
  • For additional security in this mode, you may wish to consider the Host authentication $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['order'] and $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] configuration directives.
  • Unlike cookie and http, does not require a user to log in when first loading the phpMyAdmin site. This is by design but could allow any user to access your installation. Use of some restriction method is suggested, perhaps a .htaccess file with the HTTP-AUTH directive or disallowing incoming HTTP requests at one’s router or firewall will suffice (both of which are beyond the scope of this manual but easily searchable with Google).

Uw phpMyAdmin-installatie beveiligen

Het phpMyAdmin team doet zijn uiterste best om de applicatie zo veilig mogelijk te maken. Er zijn echter altijd andere manieren om uw installatie extra te beveiligen:

  • Follow our Security announcements and upgrade phpMyAdmin whenever new vulnerability is published.

  • Serve phpMyAdmin on HTTPS only. Preferably, you should use HSTS as well, so that you’re protected from protocol downgrade attacks.

  • Ensure your PHP setup follows recommendations for production sites, for example display_errors should be disabled.

  • Remove the test directory from phpMyAdmin, unless you are developing and need a test suite.

  • Verwijder de map setup van phpMyAdmin, je zal deze waarschijnlijk niet meer gebruiken na de initiële installatie.

  • Kies een degelijke authentificatie methode - Cookie authentificatie modus is waarschijnlijk de beste keuze voor gedeeld hosten.

  • Weiger de toegang tot de bestanden in ./libraries/ en ./templates/ submappen in de configuratie van uw webserver. Zo’n configuratie voorkomt blootstelling van het pad en XSS kwetsbaarheden die mogelijk in de broncode gevonden worden.Voor de Apache webserver kan u het bijgevoegde a .htaccess bestand in deze mappen gebruiken.

  • Deny access to temporary files, see $cfg['TempDir'] (if that is placed inside your web root, see also Web server upload/save/import directories.

  • It is generally a good idea to protect a public phpMyAdmin installation against access by robots as they usually can not do anything good there. You can do this using robots.txt file in the root of your webserver or limit access by web server configuration, see 1.42 How can I prevent robots from accessing phpMyAdmin?.

  • indien je niet alle MySQL gebruikers toegang wenst te geven tot phpMyAdmin, kan je hen beperken door $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowDeny']['rules'] te gebruiken of $cfg['Servers'][$i]['AllowRoot'] om de ‘root’ gebruiker toegang te weigeren.

  • Schakel Tweeweg authenticatie voor uw gebruikersaccount in.

  • overweeg om phpMyAdmin te verbergen achter een authentificatie proxy zodat een gebruiker niet enkel MySQL credenties nodig heeft om in te loggen. U kunt dit bereiken door uw webserver om HTTP autentificatie te laten vragen. Bijvoorbeeld in Apache kan dit zo worden gedaan:

    AuthType Basic
    AuthName "Restricted Access"
    AuthUserFile /usr/share/phpmyadmin/passwd
    Require valid-user
    

    Once you have changed the configuration, you need to create a list of users which can authenticate. This can be done using the htpasswd utility:

    htpasswd -c /usr/share/phpmyadmin/passwd username
    
  • If you are afraid of automated attacks, enabling Captcha by $cfg['CaptchaLoginPublicKey'] and $cfg['CaptchaLoginPrivateKey'] might be an option.

  • Failed login attempts are logged to syslog (if available, see $cfg['AuthLog']). This can allow using a tool such as fail2ban to block brute-force attempts. Note that the log file used by syslog is not the same as the Apache error or access log files.

  • In case you’re running phpMyAdmin together with other PHP applications, it is generally advised to use separate session storage for phpMyAdmin to avoid possible session-based attacks against it. You can use $cfg['SessionSavePath'] to achieve this.

Gebruik SSL voor de verbinding naar de databaseserver

It is recommended to use SSL when connecting to remote database server. There are several configuration options involved in the SSL setup:

$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl']
Defines whether to use SSL at all. If you enable only this, the connection will be encrypted, but there is not authentication of the connection - you can not verify that you are talking to the right server.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_key'] and $cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_cert']
This is used for authentication of client to the server.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca'] and $cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_ca_path']
The certificate authorities you trust for server certificates. This is used to ensure that you are talking to a trusted server.
$cfg['Servers'][$i]['ssl_verify']
This configuration disables server certificate verification. Use with caution.

When the database server is using a local connection or private network and SSL can not be configured you can use $cfg['MysqlSslWarningSafeHosts'] to explicitly list the hostnames that are considered secure.

Known issues

Users with column-specific privileges are unable to “Browse”

If a user has only column-specific privileges on some (but not all) columns in a table, “Browse” will fail with an error message.

As a workaround, a bookmarked query with the same name as the table can be created, this will run when using the “Browse” link instead. Issue 11922.

Trouble logging back in after logging out using ‘http’ authentication

When using the ‘http’ auth_type, it can be impossible to log back in (when the logout comes manually or after a period of inactivity). Issue 11898.